University Research Conference 2020 | Page 14

History Erin Conboy “The Pennsylvania System”: The Foundings of Solitary Confinement in the United States The Pennsylvania System was a prison reform movement that emerged out of Philadelphia. This penal system revolves around the principle that solitary confinement would encourage reformation of oneself and foster penitence. These ideas were advocated by a prison reform group known as the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons. The Pennsylvania System was practiced at the Walnut Street Prison, Western State Penitentiary, and Eastern State Penitentiary before being replaced by the Auburn Prison System. Nursing Nasrine Khokhar, Kemar Harrison, & Racheal Kabasweka Kangaroo Care Kangaroo Care is the essential activity where a parent holds their infant to their chest. This activity is linked to numerous benefits. Although much research supports this practice, it is underutilized in hospitals today. This presentation will examine why it is not implemented as it should, as well as propose possible solutions to increase the prevalence of Kangaroo Care. 12