JLUS Executive Summary sj_es_broch_sm | Page 5

Executive Summary Military Compatibility and Awareness Areas A key strategy to guide compatible development and activities without overregulation is the establishment of a series of Military Compatibility Areas (MCAs) for the Seymour Johnson AFB JLUS Study Area and Military Awareness Areas (MAAs) for the Dare County Range JLUS Study Area. The MCAs are geographic areas surrounding Seymour Johnson AFB where specific strategies are to be applied, which may include regulatory approaches to enhance existing compatibility actions taken by the City of Goldsboro and Wayne County. The MAAs are geographic areas surrounding the Dare County Range JLUS Study Area where specific strategies are to be applied. These strategies exclude regulatory approaches to compatibility due to the limited planning and land use framework across this area. The total geography of all MCAs for the Seymour Johnson JLUS Study Area is the Military Compatibility Area Overlay District (MCAOD). The total geography of all MAAs for the Dare County Range JLUS Study Area is the Military Influence Area (MIA). Military Compatibility Area Overlay District for Seymour Johnson AFB JLUS Study Area The MCAOD for the Seymour Johnson AFB JLUS Study Area consists of five MCAs: Coordination Military Compatibility Area The Coordination MCA is designed to include land within a 5-mile radius of Seymour Johnson AFB per House Bill 254 enacted by the North Carolina General Assembly in 2013. This MCA is intended to foster cooperation, communication, and awareness by keeping County and City leadership and property owners informed of military operations that may impact quality of life. Additionally, the leadership at Seymour Johnson AFB can be apprised of community actions that may impact military operations. Noise Military Compatibility Area The Noise MCA includes all land located off‐installation within Seymour Johnson AFB noise contours greater than 65 decibels (dB) day‐night sound level (DNL) associated with military aircraft activities. Strategies within this MCA include limiting the proliferation of noise-sensitive land uses, incorporating noise level reduction methods in the building construction of noise-sensitive land uses to reduce interior noise impacts, and addressing nonconforming uses within the Noise MCA. The establishment of MCAs and MAAs ensures that the appropriate types of strategies are applied to the appropriate areas, and that locations deemed not subject to a specific compatibility issue are not adversely impacted by actions inappropriate for their location or circumstance. Safety Military Compatibility Area The Safety MCA would regulate compatible land use types and densities / intensities (non‐residential land uses) within the Clear Zones (CZs) and Accident Potential Zones (APZs) I and II of the Seymour Johnson AFB runway. The Safety MCA can be used to prevent the development of incompatible land uses in areas with the greatest potential for an accident. Within the CZs, most types of land use are incompatible with aircraft operations. It is recommended that no development be located within CZs. Compatibility guidelines preclude land uses that concentrate large numbers of people (such as residences, apartments, hospitals, churches, and schools) from being constructed within the APZs. While the likelihood of an accident is remote, the Air Force recommends low density land uses within the APZs to ensure maximum protection of public health and property. Bird/ Wildlife Aircraft Strike Hazard Military Compatibility Area The Bird / Wildlife Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) MCA is a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recommended area extending a radius of five statute miles from the air operations area at Seymour The MCAs and MAAs were designated to accomplish the following: w w Promote an orderly transition between community and military land uses to maximize compatibility w w Promote and protect public health, safety, and welfare w w Maintain the operational capabilities of military installations w w Promote an awareness of the size and scope of military operating areas w w Establish compatibility requirements within designated areas, such as requirements for notification of development to the military n n Coordination MCA n n BASH MCA n n Noise MCA n n Imaginary Surfaces MCA n n Safety MCA Johnson AFB. This MCA is includes areas near the airfield with the highest safety concern if concentrations of birds, wildlife, or bird‐attractant uses were located there. Bird and wildlife strikes with aircraft can potentially result in the loss of life or aircraft. Strategies for this MCA include increased public awareness of bird and wildlife attractants. Imaginary Surface Military Compatibility Area The Imaginary Surface MCA is the area defined by the FAA and Air Force Air Installation Compatible Use Zone (AICUZ) instructions for guidance on the height of structures surrounding an airport or airfield. The imaginary surfaces are a 3‐ dimensional geographic area comprising approach and departure airspace corridors and safety buffers. Vertical obstruction heights are a major concern for flight operations due to the potential for a structure to extend into navigable airspace, which could impede safe flight operations and put both pilots and citizens on the ground at risk of an ai rcraft mishap. Vertical obstructions that can affect flight safety include, but are not limited to, cell towers, power lines, wind turbines, buildings, and trees. 5