Infuse Issue 7 March 2019 | Page 21

Diet and lifestyle choices Knowing that many adults are likely living with risk factors for heart disease such as high cholesterol, then the importance of a good diet and lifestyle choices is important. Dietary patterns linked to lowering cholesterol levels include ones that are high in fruits, vegetables, fish, wholegrains, legumes, nuts, plant sterols and soy foods. And for those with persistently high blood cholesterol, then cholesterol- lowering medication is also a consideration. The role of plant sterols For someone with high cholesterol, then including more foods high in plant sterols (or phytosterols) can be an effective way to help lower cholesterol. Plant sterols have a chemical structure similar to that of cholesterol and are able to reduce the absorption of cholesterol in the digestive system. Vegetable oils are the highest natural source of plant sterols, with smaller quantities found in nuts, legumes and cereal grains. article continues overleaf... © Dietitian Connection 21 Infuse | March 2019