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6 INTERVIEW How much of an activist are YOU? From ’Pussy hat’ Power to Dumpster diving Mary Ann Manahan | The Philippines E2C: Could you provide some background with regards to the reasons and origin of the activism you take/took part in? I was politicized back in my university days in late 99/early 2000. Massive corruption and plunder beleaguered the administration of then President Joseph Ejercito Estrada and there was a proposal to increase student tuition and fees. As a sociology student, I have always had a passion for social justice, poverty and inequality issues in Philippine society and globally. But also on a make a career agitate personal level: I come from a small coffee farming family and I witnessed how structures and institutions do not provide equal opportunities for everyone. The combination of that political conjuncture and my personal background sparked my interest to become an activist. I was part of the progressive and radical youth movement that campaigned to remove then President Estrada from political power. E2C: Which were the main method(s) that you used to spread the volunteer grassroot letter writing civil disobedience direct lobbying demonstrate consumer boycot E xchange to change M ay 2017 litigation message? Why? I am part of different social (e.g. agrarian and women) movements and we employ different strategies and tactics to communicate our messages. The appropriateness of the ‘method’ will depend on the campaign/programmatic objectives, target audience, and political opportunities and constraints of a campaign, and whether there are political and democratic spaces available. For example, I have been involved in a campaign to demand accountability and pressure the government to uphold and protect the rights of small farmers and peasants to their lands and productive resources. We used a combination of strategies: mainstream media/social media, mass demonstration, creative forms, alliance building/networking, research and documentation, political education and community organizing. E2C: What were the positive and negative consequences of your activism? Did it make any difference? Positive and negative consequences largely depend on the context and situation. In my experience, one clear consequence of