Winchester College Publication A Winchester Walk - Page 9

9 A Winchester Walk west , freestanding and built of brick with crisp corner quoins of white stone in the elegant style of the 17th century ( formerly attributed to Sir Christopher Wren ).
The sculptor Caius Gabriel Cibber ( 1630 – 1700 ), famous for his work at St Paul ’ s and Trinity College Cambridge , cast the leaning statue of William of Wykeham above the central door of School . Cibber had put forward his elder son , Colley , as a candidate for a foundation scholarship at Winchester ( worth full fees and lodging and open to the descendants of William of Wykeham ), on the strength of his wife ’ s ( tenuous ) ancestral connection to the bishop , but the boy was rejected ; however after the ‘ gift ’ of the sculpture the Warden and Fellows found reason to change their decision , awarding Cibber ’ s younger son , Lewis , a scholarship . As Colley ( later poet laureate ) archly recorded : ‘ It was as no sooner set up , than the door of preferment was open to him ’.
Go inside to see where teaching continued at Winchester for nearly 200 years under the Aut Disce board . Its tough message gave Wykehamists three options : either Learn ( and become a bishop ); or Leave ( and join the army , the law , or go into business ); or be Beaten . The throne in the corner to the left of the board is where the Headmaster gave his lessons , mostly Latin , Greek from 1519 . The coats of arms around the ceiling are those of the donors who helped fund the construction of School .
Exit School and look left to neo-Gothic Flint Court , built as a Commoner boarding house by
G S Repton in the 1830s , and converted into a teaching block by William Butterfield in the 1860s .
Diagonally opposite Flint Court , facing Meads , lies Museum , or Musa , a museum and later an art school , built in 1894 – 97 to mark the 500th anniversary of the founding of College , a challenging building in a bold Renaissance style by Basil Champneys . It was here that a young Kenneth Clark ( 1903 – 83 ), later Sir Kenneth of Civilisation fame , improved his drawing skills , and such was his talent that he won the school ’ s art prize for four years in succession ( admittedly there were few , if any , rival competitors ). Happily , matters have since improved , and today pupils in the College ’ s Art Department show technically excellent and original work in a variety of media . Beyond , to the left , is the delightful 17th-century Bethesda , formerly the College ’ s Sick House , now the Common Room .
Walk back towards Flint Court , and at School Court take the passage to the right ( Arcadia Passage ). To your left is Moberly Court with , at the northern end , the sashed brick façade of what was formerly the Headmaster ’ s House . You will find yourself in a charming small courtyard ( Paradise Found or Arcadia , depending on who you ask ) facing a 17th-century wall with two open arches and Treasury on your left . Take either arch , and return to the Porters ’ Lodge , handing in your lanyard as you exit , unless you wish to see War Cloister , described below .
Exit the Porters ’ Lodge . Then turn right along College Street . After 50 metres , if it is open , go through the gate on the left-hand side after
Flint Court .
School .
The Loggia of Musa .
Bethesda , the College Sick House .