Trunkline Magazine (Louisville Zoo) Trunkline Magazine: June 2017 - Page 5

achieved in collaboration with the boxes for the optimum comfort of Maned Wolf Species Survival Plan the soon-to-be wolf family. (SSP) nutritionist Dr. Cheryl Morris On February 14, 2017, Valen- and local Rudy Green’s Doggy Cui- tine’s Day, two female maned wolf sine TM creator and President Karla pups were born. They were the first Haas. Special custom-made whole pups born at the Louisville Zoo in food recipes were developed by 10 year s. these renowned professionals in the You may have witnessed Sadie field using human grade meats and carrying the pups in her mouth to vegetables. move them around the exhibit The Louisville Zoo began during this time. The pups The experimenting with the have now become more results custom formulated mobile and are often diet in September seen in the evening were so 2016 and both with mom and dad successful that wolves were gradu- patrolling the yard ally transitioned their own maned wolf keeper with onto it. The new four paws. Sam Clites said other Though maned diet, in conjunc- tion with recom- wolves are gener- Zoos are already mended nutrition- ally solitary, dur- reaching out to al supplements by ing the breeding Dr. Morris, resulted season they come get information together in improvements in in semi- on “Sadie’s overall health. The monogamous pairs. results were so suc- Sadie will nurse the Stew." cessful that maned wolf pups until approximately keeper Sam Clites said other four months of age and both Zoos are already reaching out to get parents will regurgitate food to information on “Sadie’s Stew.” the pups to assist with the transi- With the improvements in health tion from milk to solid foods. You for both adult wolves, a success- can now see the family together ful pairing followed. During the in their large shady exhibit across pregnancy, insulated wooden boxes from the MetaZoo Amphitheater. were added to the center of the Next time you visit, be sure to stop maned wolf exhibit for Sadie to den and observe these beautiful one- with the pups. She had five "nest- of-a-kind creatures and experience ing sites" to choose from. Clites the wonders of a healthy wolf said Zoo Carpenter Ron Putman did family at play. an amazing job building the nest Father: Rocko Michael Clevenger, Courier-Journal Maned Wolves A Threat or Just Threatened? Much like our native wolves, the maned wolf is misunder- stood and widely persecuted. In the past, farmers believed that maned wolves were killing their poultry and livestock and the wolves were hunted and killed. However, the maned wolves' small teeth and jaws make it dif- ficult for them to kill large prey. Half of their diet is fruit supple- mented with small mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, nuts, eggs and grass — yet they are often blamed for the deaths of live- stock and other animals because of their intimidating size. The IUCN Red List of Threat- ened Species lists the maned wolf as "near threatened" with approximately 17,000 adults re- maining in their native range of South America particularly Bra- zil, Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru and Uruguay. The main threats are the drastic reduc- tion of habitat, especially due to conversion to agricultural land. Many maned wolves are killed on roads. Further threats include domestic dogs that chase, at- tack and pass on disease to the wolves and human persecu- tion due to livestock losses and cultural beliefs. Maned wolves are protected by law in parts of their range, but enforcing these laws is often difficult. You can learn more about efforts for maned wolfs at ManedWolfSSP. Mother: Sadie Louisville Zoo Trunkline • Summer 2017 • 5