The Indian Business Owner TIBO Magazine - Volume 001 - Page 28

Tree Nuts: World Markets and Trade Pistachios imports from Iran. Global production for 2015/16 is estimated to plunge 86,000 metric tons (tons) from the previous year to 529,000 as U.S. output declines and more than offsets a jump in Turkish production. As a result of lower available supplies, world consumption and ending stocks are expected to fall. Global exports are estimated down 54,000 tons to 280,000 tons primarily due to lower shipments from the United States. EU imports are expected nearly unchanged at 70,000 tons, with the United States supplies the majority. U.S. production is estimated to be down by nearly half from the previous year to just 122,000 tons, the smallest crop harvested in nearly a decade. In addition to yields being in the off-year cycle of the crop’s alternate-bearing nature, lack of chill hours in the winter of 2015/16 and the drought contributed to below-average yields. Although the season started with record-high beginning stocks, the steep output drop has limited the ability of the industry to meet demand. Exports are estimated to drop 58,000 tons to 80,000 on lower shipments to top markets China and the European Union (EU). Iran’s off-year production is estimated to decrease 20,000 tons to 210,000 primarily on lower yield in the top-producing province of Kerman as bearing area for the country remains unchanged. Exports are estimated nearly unchanged at 190,000 tons on steady trade to China, EU and Turkey. Consumption is expected to decrease as a result of the smaller harvest. Although Turkey’s production is estimated to jump 45,000 tons to 130,000, it will have limited effect on trade as almost the entire harvest is consumed domestically. After rising 2 consecutive years, imports are expected to drop to 10,000 tons. China’s imports are estimated to ease 12,000 tons to 70,000 following several years of growth. Shanghai and Beijing are key markets for U.S. pistachios, whereas other cities prefer more competitively-priced 26 |TIBO Magazine - Fall 2016 Almonds Global almond production for 2015/16 is estimated to increase 22,000 tons from the previous year to 1.1 million metric tons due to increased output in the United States. With world consumption rising at a higher rate than production, ending stocks are expected to fall 7,000 tons to 219,000. Global exports are expected to decline 4,000 tons to 656,000 mostly due to lower shipments from Australia. Selected Producers • The United States gains 14,000 tons to 862,000 on increased bearing acreage. • Australia is just 2,000 tons higher at 77,000 as area expansion slows. Selected Exporters • The United States is up 4,000 tons to 580,000 on stronger demand in the EU and China. • Australia is down 8,000 tons to 50,000 tons primarily on lower shipments to the United Arab Emirates. Selected Importers • United Arab Emirates falls 25,000 tons to 36,000 on weaker-than-anticipated demand. • Japan drops 6,000 tons to 32,000 as consumption slows. • EU rebounds 23,000 tons to 265,000 on record consumption. Walnuts Global walnut production for 2015/16 is estimated to rise 155,000 tons from the previous year to 2.0 million tons, with China and the United States accounting