worksheets—might play a peripheral courses to operate this way. They role in a decent education, but no capture a seasoned scholar on video, sound education features them as a add tasks for students to complete, and mainstay. Wherever canned lessons then hand over all human interaction play a central role, they push sympathy to a teaching assistant (or to a team of and fellowship out to the margins. assistants). Such courses, like assembly Thus teaching and learning are lines, can be efficient to manage and compromised. yet they make poor settings for the Another way online educators cultivation of sympathy and fellowship. inhibit sympathy and fellowship is by The value of these courses varies relegating the interactive elements of a widely; they should not be measured course to a hireling. Such a course by the mastery of the teacher who might feature a master Some manifestations whose teaching performance has been of online education genuinely succeed in captured on video. (The fostering sympathy higher the master’s and fellowship. celebrity profile, the more appears on video, but rather by the competence of the course assistant along with the regularity and quality of his interaction with students. useful he is for marketing the course). Some manifestations of online Yet students never interact with education genuinely succeed in moving images of this master; they fostering sympathy and fellowship. deal instead with a faceless course These principles are active wherever administrator or a hired grader, teachers and students actually engage someone tasked to mark and tally the one another—where students react to students’ submissions. Too often these teachers, teachers react to students, administrators are interchangeable and students react to one another. employees, and they act less like Today’s communication technology teachers and more like semi-skilled facilitates such interaction using video laborers on a factory assembly line. feeds, voice connections, chat boxes Many online schools, including and discussion boards. Effective colleges and universities, design teachers know how to utilize this 13