might utilize videos in much the same and tests, and do not allow students to way she utilizes readings and problem advance to the next screen until they sets. Here the performer—the person input the proper responses. Computers captured on the video—does not can also tally students’ responses and shoulder the burden of delivering the generate a report of their progress. lesson, which is a burden that can Because such courses demand student never be carried by a recorded input, many refer to them as performance. That responsibility falls “interactive.” But interactive with to the live teacher who Ideally, a live teacher will what? With a human assigns the video as a treat the video as a tool that teacher? A computer resource. Ideally, a live teacher will treat the supports her own interaction with the student program? A well- designed program or video as a tool that cohort, interaction that a poorly-designed supports her own facilitates sympathy and one? interaction with the fellowship. student cohort, Some interactive courses are designed interaction that facilitates sympathy well; others are not. In too many cases, and fellowship. interactive features are mere gimmicks to make sure students are awake. I Varieties of Interactive Learning once reviewed an online humanities Some purveyors of online education lesson on Renaissance art that understand that prerecorded videos illustrates this very problem. (The offer no human interaction. They may lesson’s producer promoted it as a address the disengagement between sample of a supposedly great recorded performer and viewer by curriculum.) The lesson began with stepping up the demands they place several minutes of prerecorded upon students. They require students information, and then displayed a mess to do more than simply watch; they of jigsaw-shaped pieces with an prompt students to answer questions, instruction for students to select and solve puzzles or play games. Some arrange the pieces using a mouse. The online video courses include quizzes puzzle pieces, when arranged properly, 10