The Bridge - Page 11

Tragi Comedy war in Spain a capacity which had been Sancho Ramírez eventually diminished by the division of made peace with him anyway. The War of the Three Sancho of Castile did try to Sanchos breaks out extend his influence over the between three Spanish Muslim taifa of Zaragoza, kingdoms in 1065–1067. The which owed him parias. kingdoms were all ruled According to the twelfth- by Jiménez kings who were century Crónica Najerense, a first cousins: Sancho II of battle was fought during which Castile, Sancho IV of Navarre, campaign his alférez, Rodrigo and Sancho of Aragon, all Díaz de Vivar, defeated his grandsons of Sancho the Navarrese Great. counterpart, Jimeno Garcés, Ferdinand's kingdom in 1065. and gained the nickname campi doctor or Castile retook Álava, the Montes de Oca, and Pancorvo, as well as Bureba and Alta Rioja, but the conflict ended in a stalemate November 1066 when the death of Sancha of León, Ferdinand's widow, opened the way to war between Ferdinand's sons. The central issue in the conflict, the possession of the border territories, was resolved in 1076 when Sancho IV was The three Sanchos went to "master of the field [of battle]", war with each other over the later to become famous division of the kingdom of in Spanish literature as el Sancho the Great in 1035. Campeador. That division had left Navarre Between August and Navarre, and Alfonso VI of with a supremacy over the September 1067 Sancho León and Castile, who "petty kingdoms" of Castile Ramírez led a counterattack received the disputed lands. and Aragon, last year against Castile. Reporters Navarre was a vassal of from the Chronicle of San Castile , but following the Juan de la Peñ while death of Ferdinand the Great, diplomats close to the pope the Castilian monarch died attributes a rout to the and his kingdom was divided Navarrese and Aragonese between his sons, with the at Viana, while the Primera eldest, Sancho, taking Castile. crónica attributes victory to Sancho of Castile was Sancho of Castile. covetous of the lands of Bureba and Alta Rioja. The partrticipation of a Ferdinand had helped Castilian magnate from the reconquer them from Navarrese border in an act by the Caliphate, but then had which Sancho formally ceded them to his elder defined the jurisdiction of brother García Sánchez III of the Diocese of Oca (the only Navarre, the father of Sancho bishopric in Castile) strongly IV. suggests that Sancho was in a strong position.The Earlier this year a following a chronicler of San Juan de la series of frontier raids, Peña, said that Sancho of Sancho IV of Navarre asked Castile was forced to raise the for an alliance from Sancho siege of Viana and flee on a Ramírez of Aragon. Most of horse bedecked only in the war took place in the its halter; that he region of Burgos and La subsequently convinced Abd Rioja. The war was also ar-Rahman of Huesca to go to fought over Castile's ability to war with Aragon; and that take part in the Reconquista, assassinated by his own brother and his kingdom partitioned between Sancho Ramírez, who became king of