Texoma Area Living Well Magazine May/June 2020 - Page 50

OCULOPLASTIC SURGERY Courtesy Key-Whitman Eye Center T he first signs of aging usually take place around the eyes. With inject- ables such as Botox ® and dermal fill- ers, subtle changes can be corrected quickly. A patient may be considering the long-term benefits of oculoplastic surgery for concerns related to loose, sagging skin. We perform oculoplastic procedures for functional or cos- metic improvement at the Key-Whitman Cosmetic Center. The term oculoplastic surgery describes the different proce- dures involving the eyelids and area around the eyes, the orbit of the eye, or the tear ducts. Eyelid surgery is popular and conducted more than 100,000 times a year. This sur- gery can not only rejuvenate a patient’s appearance but also improve the vision. At Key-Whitman Cosmetic Center, Dr. Leslie Pfeiffer con- sults with her patients to discuss their goals and the way in which a particular oculoplastic procedure can enhance the structure of the eyelid. She has confidence in adopting a customized strategy to fit every patient’s individual needs while adhering to high quality, evidence-based standards of medical and surgical care. Patients may be a good candidate for the oculoplastic sur- gery if they are in good general health and would like to enhance the looks of their eyes. During your consultation, Dr. Pfeiffer performs an intensive examination to verify that your objectives can be achieved with eyelid surgery. Types of Oculoplastic Surgeries: BLEPHAROPLASTY - Upper and lower blepharoplasty procedures are some of the most common oculoplastic pro- cedures performed today. Upper blepharoplasty may be done for functional or cosmetic reasons. This procedure re- moves the extra or loose skin of the upper eyelid to restore the crease of the natural lid. Upper blepharoplasty may also be performed to remove tissue that has dropped into the field of vision. Lower blepharoplasty repositions fat and skin in a manner that decreases or eliminates the appear- ance of under-eye puffiness and dark circles. PTOSIS REPAIR - Ptosis repair is performed to correct a droopy eyelid. This surgery is different than upper blepha- roplasty because it shortens or otherwise repairs a stretched 48 TEXOMA AREA Living Well Magazine | MAY/JUNE 2020 or elongated levator muscle, the muscle of eyelid opening. ECTROPION REPAIR - Ectropion is an eyelid condition that affects the lower eyelid, making it roll outward away from the eye. The affected eyelid might also sag, exposing the eye and resulting in dryness. Untreated ectropion can cause chronic redness, pain, irritation, and tearing. Pro- longed exposure may also wear down the corneal surface. ENTROPION REPAIR - Entropion is an eyelid condition that affects the upper or lower eyelid, making it roll inward. This condition may be related to the eyelid’s natural ag- ing or breakdown in the strength of certain eyelid muscles. When the eyelid turns inward, the eyelashes rub the sur- face of the eye, causing redness, discomfort, and sensitivity to wind and light. Untreated entropion could trigger exces- sive tearing or mucous discharge. The cornea might also be scratched and scarred over time. EYELID GROWTHS AND SKIN CANCERS - The fragil- ity of the skin around the eyes makes this area particularly susceptible to sun damage. Exposure to UV light through sunshine and tanning beds can degrade the looks of the eyelids and might also cause skin cancer. Growths on the eyelid, especially those that bleed or become inflamed, should be evaluated immediately. Skin cancer may be iden- tified by taking a biopsy of tissue from the growth. Then, the lesion can then be removed using a precise surgical technique that attempts to restore as much as possible of the eyelids’ natural contours. In some instances, growth or skin cancer removal is followed by reconstruction of the eyelid. TEARING DISORDERS – Tears are important for the eye’s function and health. The lacrimal gland and meibo- mian glands are involved in producing the necessary layers of fluid to keep a healthy tear film. Patients may experience tearing due to a variety of conditions, including blockage of the natural tear drain, eye irritation or dryness, or eyelid ectropion. An oculoplastic surgeon can investigate these causes, and some may require surgery to correct.