Smart Source 2015-16 Executive Summary - Page 9

Physical Education / Physical Activity

Physical Education / Physical Activity

In order to reach the nationally-recommended 60 minutes of daily physical activity ( CDC , 2015 ) and help students develop the knowledge and skills to be physically active for a lifetime , schools are encouraged to address all components of a Comprehensive Physical Activity Program ( CSPAP ), a national framework developed by the CDC that includes : quality physical education ( P . E .) as the foundation ; physical activity before , during , and after school ; staff involvement ; and family and community engagement ( CDC , 2015 ).
A high quality P . E . program includes a P . E . requirement for all students , all P . E . courses led by a qualified physical education teacher , students engaging in moderate-tovigorous physical activity ( MVPA ) for at least 50 percent of each P . E . class , and curriculum based on national or state standards . In Colorado , these standards are known as the Comprehensive Physical Education Standards ( CDE , 2016 ). Figure 4.1 highlights the number of P . E . minutes offered per week per student at each school level . The recommended best practice from SHAPE America is that elementary and secondary students receive 150 minutes and 225 minutes of P . E . per week , respectively ( 2016 ). As the data show , participating elementary and combined schools offer less P . E . than the recommended minimum , while secondary schools offer the recommended minimum in their academic schedules . However , as these responses reflect the amount of P . E . that is offered , it remains unclear whether individual students are actually receiving the recommended minimum .
Figure 4.2 depicts the average percentage of time students in P . E . engage in MVPA . As shown , the average reported MVPA percentages for all school levels are above the recommended minimum of 50 percent of P . E . time .
Table 4.1 lists the average number of academic units of P . E . required by schools for secondary students before graduating or advancing out of the school . As schools follow different academic schedules , the table is split into semesters , quarters , and trimesters ( order based on frequency of use in schools ). Schools on a semester schedule have fewer required units of P . E . as compared to schools on either a quarter or trimester schedule . Across all schedule types , combined schools report requiring more academic units for P . E . than secondary schools .
FIGURE 4.1 Average P . E . minutes offered per week per student
FIGURE 4.2 Average percentage of P . E . time with moderate to vigorous physical activity ( MVPA )
TABLE 4.1
Average required academic units of P . E . for secondary students
Secondary
Combined Semester 2.4 2.5 Quarter 3.5 4.8 Trimester 2.4 4.5
A high quality P . E . program includes a P . E . requirement for all students , all P . E . courses led by a qualified physical education teacher , students engaging in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity ( MVPA ) for at least 50 percent of each P . E . class , and curriculum based on national or state standards .
β€’ 7 β€’
Physical Education/Physical Activity In order to reach the nationally-recommended 60 minutes of daily physical activity (CDC, 2015) and help students develop the knowledge and skills to be physically active for a lifetime, schools are encouraged to address all components of a Comprehensive Physical Activity Program (CSPAP), a national framework developed by the CDC that includes: quality physical education (P.E.) as the foundation; physical activity before, during, and after school; staff involvement; and family and community engagement (CDC, 2015). A high quality P.E. program includes a P.E. requirement for all students, all P.E. courses led by a qualified physical education teacher, students engaging in moderate-tovigorous physical activity (MVPA) for at least 50 percent of each P.E. class, and curriculum based on national or state standards. In Colorado, these standards are known as the Comprehensive Physical Education Standards (CDE, 2016). Figure 4.1 highlights the number of P.E. minutes offered per week per student at each school level. The recommended best practice from SHAPE America is that elementary and secondary students receive 150 minutes and 225 minutes of P.E. per week, respectively (2016). As the data show, participating elementary and combined schools offer less P.E. than the recommended minimum, while secondary schools offer the recommended minimum in their academic schedules. However, as these responses reflect the amount of P.E. that ₯́½™™•Ι•°₯Π)Ι•΅…₯ΉΜΥΉ±•…ȁݑ•Ρ‘•Θ₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…°ΝΡΥ‘•ΉΡ́…Ι”…ΡΥ…±±δ)Ι••₯Ω₯ΉœΡ‘”Ι•½΅΅•Ή‘•΅₯Ή₯΅Υ΄Έ()%UI€ΠΈΔ)Ω•Ι…”@ΉΈ΅₯ΉΥѕ́½™™•Ι•Α•Θέ••¬Α•ΘΝΡΥ‘•ΉΠ()%UI€ΠΈΘ)Ω•Ι…”Α•Ι•ΉΡ…”½˜@ΉΈΡ₯΅”έ₯Ρ ΅½‘•Ι…Ρ”ΡΌ)Ω₯½Ι½ΎΑ‘εΝ₯…°…Ρ₯Ω₯Ρ䀑5YA€()₯ΥΙ”€ΠΈΘ‘•Α₯Ρ́ё”…Ω•Ι…”Α•Ι•ΉΡ…”½˜Ρ₯΅”)ΝΡΥ‘•ΉΡ́₯Έ@ΉΈ•Ή…”₯Έ5YAΈ́͑½έΈ°Ρ‘”…Ω•Ι…”)Ι•Α½ΙΡ•5YAΑ•Ι•ΉΡ…•Μ™½Θ…±°Ν‘½½°±•Ω•±Μ…Ι”)…‰½Ω”Ρ‘”Ι•½΅΅•Ή‘•΅₯Ή₯΅Υ΄½˜€ΤΐΑ•Ι•ΉΠ½˜@ΉΈ)Ρ₯΅”Έ)Q…‰±”€ΠΈΔ±₯ΝΡ́ё”…Ω•Ι…”ΉΥ΅‰•Θ½˜……‘•΅₯ŒΥΉ₯Ρ́½˜)@ΉΈΙ•ΕΥ₯Ι•‰δΝ‘½½±Μ™½ΘΝ•½Ή‘…ΙδΝΡΥ‘•ΉΡ́‰•™½Ι”)Ι…‘Υ…Ρ₯Ήœ½Θ…‘Ω…Ή₯Ήœ½ΥЁ½˜Ρ‘”Ν‘½½°Έ͍́‘½½±Μ)™½±±½ά‘₯™™•Ι•ΉΠ……‘•΅₯ŒΝ‘•‘Υ±•Μ°Ρ‘”Ρ…‰±”₯́ΝΑ±₯Π)₯ΉΡΌΝ•΅•ΝΡ•ΙΜ°ΕΥ…ΙΡ•ΙΜ°…ΉΡΙ₯΅•ΝΡ•ΙΜ€‘½Ι‘•Θ‰…Ν•)½Έ™Ι•ΕΥ•Ήδ½˜ΥΝ”₯ΈΝ‘½½±Μ€ΈM‘½½±Μ½Έ„Ν•΅•ΝΡ•Θ)͍‘•‘Υ±”‘…Ω”™•έ•ΘΙ•ΕΥ₯Ι•ΥΉ₯Ρ́½˜@ΉΈ…́½΅Α…Ι•ΡΌ)͍‘½½±Μ½Έ•₯Ρ‘•Θ„ΕΥ…Ιѕȁ½ΘΡΙ₯΅•Νѕȁ͍‘•‘Υ±”ΈΙ½ΝΜ)…±°Ν‘•‘Υ±”ΡεΑ•Μ°½΅‰₯Ή•Ν‘½½±ΜΙ•Α½ΙЁɕΕΥ₯Ι₯Ήœ)΅½Ι”……‘•΅₯ŒΥΉ₯Ρ́™½Θ@ΉΈ€Ρ‘…ΈΝ•½Ή‘…ΙδΝ‘½½±ΜΈ()Q 1€ΠΈΔ)Ω•Ι…”Ι•ΕΥ₯Ι•……‘•΅₯ŒΥΉ₯Ρ́½˜@ΉΈ™½ΘΝ•½Ή‘…Ιδ)ΝΡΥ‘•ΉΡΜ)M•½Ή‘…Ιδ() ½΅‰₯Ή•()M•΅•ΝΡ•Θ((ΘΈΠ((ΘΈΤ()EΥ…ΙΡ•Θ((ΜΈΤ((ΠΈΰ()QΙ₯΅•ΝΡ•Θ((ΘΈΠ((ΠΈΤ(($()‘₯ ΕΥ…±₯Ρδ@ΉΈΑΙ½Ι…΄₯Ή±Υ‘•Μ„@ΉΈΙ•ΕΥ₯Ι•΅•ΉΠ™½Θ…±°ΝΡΥ‘•ΉΡΜ°…±°@ΉΈ)½ΥΊ͕±•‰δ„ΕΥ…±₯™₯•Α‘εΝ₯…°•‘Ս…Ρ₯½ΈΡ•…‘•Θ°ΝΡΥ‘•ΉΡ́•Ή…₯Ήœ₯Έ)΅½‘•Ι…Ρ”΅ΡΌ΅Ω₯½Ι½ΎΑ‘εΝ₯…°…Ρ₯Ω₯Ρ䀑5YA€™½Θ…Ё±•…ΝΠ€ΤΐΑ•Ι•ΉΠ½˜•… @ΉΈ)±…ΝΜ°…ΉΥΙΙ₯Υ±Υ΄‰…Ν•½ΈΉ…Ρ₯½Ή…°½ΘΝΡ…Ρ”ΝΡ…Ή‘…Ι‘ΜΈ+Šˆ€άƒŠˆ((0