Smart Source 2015-16 Executive Summary - Page 17

Healthy and Safe School Environment continued Table 8.1 highlights practices specific to supporting LGBTQ students, such as prohibiting harassment based on perceived sexual orientation or gender identity and encouraging staff professional development on safe and supportive school environments. As the table shows, secondary schools are more likely than both elementary and combined schools to implement such practices, while combined schools (that serve secondary grades) are more likely to do so than elementary schools. TABLE 8.1 Percentage of schools with practices to support LGBTQ students   Elementary Secondary Combined Prohibit harassment based on a student’s perceived or actual sexual orientation or gender identity 60% 94% 70% Identify “safe spaces” where LGBTQ youth can receive support from administrators, teachers, or other school staff 39% 82% 50% Encourage staff to attend professional development on safe and supportive school environments for all students, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity 35% 61% 46% Facilitate access to providers not on school property who have experience in providing social and psychological services to LGBTQ youth 28% 70% 40% Facilitate access to providers not on school property who have experience in providing health services to LGBTQ youth 22% 58% 36% In an effort to promote positive school climate, the majority of all schools incorporate materials and activities that reflect the diversity of the student body, provide anonymous methods for students to report harassment and bullying, and hold school-wide opportunities for students to share in diverse cultures and experiences. • 15 •