Silver Streams Issue 3 - Page 23

primary concern of his to move to a different style, a more radical experiment on language and a deeper reflection on the artistic creation. The last tale of ​ Dubliners opens to the broader themes of Joyce’s later works, notably Ulysses and 50 Finnegan’s Wake ​ . In a linear and yet circular way, the first short story, ‘The Sisters’, opens with the line ‘There was 51 no hope for him’ and with a young boy entrapped in a confusing, dark world. The first-person narrator becomes a third-person one in ‘The Dead’, proceeding from the particular to the universal, and offering a perhaps unprecedented hopeful and positive key of reading to the whole collection. BIBLIOGRAPHY J. Joyce, ​ Dubliners ​ , ed. by Paolo Bertinetti, Penguin Classics (Genoa, Italy, 1995). A. Goldman, ​ The Joyce Paradox, Form and Freedom in his Fiction ​ (University of Michigan, 1966). A. Nestrovski, ‘Joyce’s Critique of Music’, in ​ Perspectives of New Music ​ , vol. 29, n. 1 (1991), pp. 6-47. F. Fordham, ​ I do I undo I redo, ​ Oxford University Press (Oxford, 2010). J. Epstein, ‘Joyce’s Phoneygraphs: Music, Meditation, and Noise Unleashed’, in ​ James Joyce Quarterly ​ , vol. 48, n° 2 University of Tulsa (Tulsa, 2011), pp. 265-289. J. Feely, ‘Joyce’s ‘The Dead’ and the Browning Quotation’, in ​ James Joyce Quarterly ​ , vol. 20, n° 1 University of Tulsa (Tulsa, 1982), pp. 87-96. J. Morgan, ‘Queer Choirs: Sacred Music, Joyce’s ‘The Dead’, and the Sexual Politics of Victorian Aestheticism’, in ​ James Joyce Quarterly ​ , vol. 37 n. ½, University of Tulsa (Tulsa, 2000), pp. 127-151. J. V. Kelleher, ‘Irish History and Mythology in James Joyce’s ‘The Dead’’, in ​ The Review of Politics ​ , vol. 27, n. 3 Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, 1965), pp. 414-433. M. Beja, ed. by, ​ James Joyce: Dubliners and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, A Selection of Critical Essays ​ , MacMillan Education LTD (Hong Kong, 1987). M. Dowling, ‘‘Thought-Tormented Music’: Joyce and the Music of Irish Revival’, in ​ James Joyce Quarterly ​ , Vol. 45, n° ¾, University of Tulsa (Tulsa, 2008), pp. 437-458. M. Norris, ​ Suspicious Readings of Joyce’s “Dubliners” ​ , University of Pennsylvania Press, (Philadelfia, 2003). M. T. Reynolds, ​ Joyce and Dante: The Shaping Imagination, Princeton University Press (Princeton, 1981). P. K. Saint-Amour, ‘Christmas Yet to Come’: Hospitality, Futurity, the Carol, and ‘The Dead’’, in Representations ​ , vol. 98 n° 1, University of California Press (Oakland, 2007), pp. 93-117. 50 Joyce begins the process of ‘doing, undoing and redoing’ that is at the core of the Modernist Aesthetic. See F. Fordham, ​ I do I undo I redo, ​ Oxford​ ​ University Press (Oxford, 2010). 51 J. Joyce, ‘The Sisters’, p. 3.