Science - Page 93


Examples of Magic Inspiring Science

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN Magic and the Brain : How Magicians “ Trick ” the Mind “ Neuroscientists are scrutinizing magic tricks to learn how they can be put to work in experimental studies that probe aspects of consciousness not necessarily grounded in current sensory reality .”
NATURE REVIEWS NEUROSCIENCE Attention and Awareness in Stage Magic : Turning Tricks Into Research “ By studying magicians and their techniques , neuroscientists can learn powerful methods to manipulate attention and awareness in the laboratory .
PEERJ NEUROSCIENCE Perceptual Elements in Penn & Teller ’ s “ Cups And Balls ” Magic Trick “ Magic illusions provide the perceptual and cognitive scientist with a toolbox of experimental manipulations and testable hypotheses about the building blocks of conscious experience .”
FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY The Psychology of Magic and the Magic of Psychology “ Magicians have dazzled audiences for many centuries ; however , few researchers have studied how , let alone why , most tricks work . The psychology of magic is a nascent field of research that examines the underlying mechanisms that conjurers use to achieve enchanting phenomena , including sensory illusions and misdirection of attention .”
A Framework for Using Magic to Study the Mind “ Over the centuries , magicians have developed extensive knowledge about the manipulation of the human mind — knowledge that has been largely ignored by psychology .”
CURRENT BIOLOGY There ’ s More to Magic Than Meets the Eye “ Our perception of an event is often modulated by our past experience and expectations . Here we used a magic trick to demonstrate how magicians can distort our subjective perception and we investigate the mechanisms behind this deception .”
Magic and Cognitive Neuroscience “ Neuroscientists have shown an increasing interest in magic . One reason for this is the parallels that can be drawn between concepts that have long been discussed in magic theory , particularly misdirection , and those that are routinely studied in cognitive neuroscience , such as attention and , as argued in this essay , different forms of memory .
JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES From The Stage To The Laboratory : Magicians , Psychologists , and The Science Of Illusion “ In 1894 , French psychologist Alfred Binet published an article on the psychology of conjuring . By observing five magicians perform in his laboratory , he was hoping to gain a better understanding of the psychological processes responsible for inducing illusions in an audience .”
BOSTON CONSULTING GROUP Ideas , Emotions , and Innovation : Riding the Amazement Cycle “ The theme of TED ’ s 2018 conference , “ The Age of Amazement ,” reflects the momentous innovation and change going on around us . Taking this cue , we examine the dynamic interplay of logic and emotion that unfolds when we encounter something new , and attempt to extract some hints for how leaders can understand and harness it .”
SCIENCEDIRECT Imaging the impossible : An fMRI study of impossible causal relationships in magic tricks This study uses magic-trick perception as a means of investigating violations of relationships that are long-established , deterministic , and that form part of an established belief system .
WIRED / SCIENCE Magic and the Brain : Teller Reveals the Neuroscience of Illusion Teller joined a coterie of illusionists and tricksters recruited by Stephen Macknik and Susana Martinez-Conde , researchers at the Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix , Arizona , to look at the neuroscience of magic .
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY Where is the ball ? Behavioral and neural responses elicited by a magic trick “ Altogether , our results show how new insights into sensory and cognitive processing can be obtained using adapted magic tricks .”
FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY Magic and Misdirection : The Influence of Social Cues on the Allocation of Visual Attention While Watching a Cups-and-Balls Routine “ In recent years , a body of research that regards the scientific study of magic performances as a promising method of investigating psychological phenomena in an ecologically valid setting has emerged .”
The Phantom Vanish Magic Trick : Investigating the Disappearance of a Non-existent Object in a Dynamic Scene “ Drawing inspiration from sleight-of-hand magic tricks , we developed an experimental paradigm to investigate whether magicians ’ misdirection techniques could be used to induce the misperception of ‘ phantom ’ objects .”
WIRED The Science of Magic : How Tricks Are Changing Real-Life Research
NEW YORK TIMES Sleights of Mind ( Teller )