Parent Magazine Volusia November 2019 - Page 11

The HPV vaccine is recommended by the Centers for Disease Control for both males and females and is recommended to be given starting at 11 years old. It can be given as early as nine years and can be given through adolescence. It is given as two or three shots, depending on the age of the first vaccine. Since HPV is spread through sexual contact, it is ideally administered prior to first sexual contact. The HPV vaccine reduces risk of serious disease or cancer by up to 97-100 percent if given before first sexual contact. The vaccine is safe, but there are known side effects such as soreness and swelling at the injection site, fever, headache, and feeling faint after the injection. Some parents consider the HPV vaccine controversial because it is given to prevent a sexually transmitted disease. Because the vaccine is typically given at 11 years old, some parents may be uncomfortable having a discussion about sex with their children. Dr. Meredith Brazell, DO Dr. Brazell is a Pediatrician at Flagler Health+ Primary Care and Pediatrics at Palencia What vaccines are recommended at each stage of a child’s growth - early childhood, upon entering school, transitioning to middle school and entering college? Most vaccines for children are given in infancy up to entering school. These include Hepatitis B starting within the first 24 hours after birth. Subsequently, at ages two, four, and six months old, a child normally receives the remaining doses of Hepatitis B along with Diptheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (whooping cough), Polio, Pneumonia vaccine, Haemophilus influenzae, and Rotavirus (responsible for diarrhea – an oral medication). From a year old to four years old, they will be vaccinated against Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Varicella (chicken pox), and Hepatitis A along with finishing up the series of vaccines given as an infant. The next big round of vaccines occurs when the child is around middle school age of 11 years old when they get a booster of Tetanus, Diptheria, and Pertusis along with the Meningitis vaccine covering strains ACWY and their HPV (Gardasil) Vaccine. At 16, before entering college, children are then due for a second Meningitis vaccine covering ACWY along with another that covers strain B (MenB). V O L U S I A parent M A G A Z I N E | 9