PanPastel Lesson Plan No.3 Lesson Plan No.3 Zorn Palette lr 8.17
LESSON PLAN No.3
Working With a Limited Palette - Zorn Palette
This lesson will focus on working with a limited
palette. Using the limited Zorn Palette students will
1. Color temperature
2. Color harmony
3. Color values
PanPastel Colors are pastel (dry) colors that can
be mixed like paint & are ideal for experimenting
with a limited palette.
Middle & High School Grades / Ages 11-18
Apply Pastel Color Like Paint
PanPastel Colors: Yellow Ochre 270.5
Permanent Red 340.5
Sofft Tools: See chart (Resources page) showing various options.
Grounds: Print the worksheets on paper with some texture
(e.g. resume paper). Or any drawing or pastel compatible paper.
Miscellaneous: Paper towels and eraser
Download this lesson plan :
Anders Zorn, 1860-1920, a Swedish artist, was known for his portraits. He studied
at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts 1875-1880. Zorn’s portrait of American
President Grover Cleveland, 1899, hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in
Zorn mainly used a limited palette for his paintings: Lead White, Ivory Black,
Vermillion, and Yellow Ochre. He added other colors as needed. This is not always
necessary though, because beautiful paintings can be completed with just those
Photo by ingen uppgift - Anders Zorn,
Hans Henrik Brummer, Public Domain,
Zorn’s palette is less limited than it appears. Warm colors are yellow & red, with
black & white acting as cool colors. Sophisticated purples can be mixed using red,
white and black. Green can be approached with a mixture of yellow and black, and
the values can be adjusted using white. Brown is made with a mixture of black,
red and yellow.
For further research & info: Zorn.se
For the worksheets used: either make copies of the worksheets provided (or download at the link in box above)
or ask the students to make their own worksheet grids. For reference, finished examples are shown.
Prior to using PanPastel Colors &
Sofft Tools, review the “Classroom
Tips” on Resources Page of this
1. ZORN PALETTE WORKSHEET
Begin by having the students complete the No.1 ZORN PALETTE WORKSHEET.
Across the top & sides are the 4 colors.
a) Add the colors in each of the spaces as indicated.
b) Then add & mix the second colors indicated where the two intersect on the chart. Clean Sofft Sponge
between colors on a paper towel. Use the different sides of the Sofft Tools for different colors.
Observe how the colors change when each additional color is added & notice that all the colors created are
harmonious. (The renowned painter & teacher Richard Schmid also uses similar color charts in his book “Alla Prima”.)
2. VALUES WORKSHEET
Color value is the relative lightness & darkness of a color. Dark values with black added are called “shades”
of the color. Light values with white added are called “tints”.
Ask the students to complete the No.2 VALUES WORKSHEET with mixtures of 3 colors to achieve 5 distinct values
of each mixture. (It usually works best to work from dark to light.). Students will discover that changing the amount
of black & white used enables control of the final value achieved.
Students may discover that not all color mixtures will yield the darkest values.
3. TEMPERATURE WORKSHEET
Next, complete the No.3 TEMPERATURE WORKSHEET by applying a single color across each row, then
modifying it with a second color in varying degrees as indicated.
Note: Warm colors are yellow and red. Black and white act as cool colors.
4. VALUE STUDIES
Choose a subject, and ask the students to create three value studies and a Zorn Palette painting:
a) Identify the lights & darks in the subject. In a small value sketch, paint the darks black & the lights white.
b) Paint the same subject again, using yellow ochre as the dark, and adding white to it for the lights.
c) Do the same with red.
d) For the final painting - have the students look at the subject in terms of temperature:
Cool the shadows with black. Cool the lights with white. Add yellow ochre to warm your lights as needed.
Warm the shadows with red.
The Revolutionary New Way To Use Color
US President Grover Cleveland
Artist: Anders Zorn - Oil on Canvas, 1899
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Gift of the Reverend Thomas G. Cleveland
Lesson Plan Developed by: Enid Wood PSA