LESSON PLAN No . 3
This lesson will focus on working with a limited palette . Using the limited Zorn Palette students will learn about :
1 . Color temperature 2 . Color harmony 3 . Color values
PanPastel Colors are pastel ( dry ) colors that can be mixed like paint & are ideal for experimenting with a limited palette .
Grade Level :
Middle & High School Grades / Ages 11-18
Photo by ingen uppgift - Anders Zorn , Hans Henrik Brummer , Public Domain , https :// commons . wikimedia . org / w / index .
PANPASTEL COLORS Apply Pastel Color Like Paint
Download this lesson plan : paintdrawblend . com / art-education-resources
Anders Zorn , 1860-1920 , a Swedish artist , was known for his portraits . He studied at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts 1875-1880 . Zorn ’ s portrait of American President Grover Cleveland , 1899 , hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington DC .
Zorn mainly used a limited palette for his paintings : Lead White , Ivory Black , Vermillion , and Yellow Ochre . He added other colors as needed . This is not always necessary though , because beautiful paintings can be completed with just those four colors .
Zorn ’ s palette is less limited than it appears . Warm colors are yellow & red , with black & white acting as cool colors . Sophisticated purples can be mixed using red , white and black . Green can be approached with a mixture of yellow and black , and the values can be adjusted using white . Brown is made with a mixture of black , red and yellow .
For further research & info : Zorn . se
For the worksheets used : either make copies of the worksheets provided ( or download at the link in box above ) or ask the students to make their own worksheet grids . For reference , finished examples are shown .
1 . ZORN PALETTE WORKSHEET Begin by having the students complete the No . 1 ZORN PALETTE WORKSHEET . Across the top & sides are the 4 colors .
a ) Add the colors in each of the spaces as indicated .
b ) Then add & mix the second colors indicated where the two intersect on the chart . Clean Sofft Sponge between colors on a paper towel . Use the different sides of the Sofft Tools for different colors .
Observe how the colors change when each additional color is added & notice that all the colors created are harmonious . ( The renowned painter & teacher Richard Schmid also uses similar color charts in his book “ Alla Prima ”.)
2 . VALUES WORKSHEET Color value is the relative lightness & darkness of a color . Dark values with black added are called “ shades ” of the color . Light values with white added are called “ tints ”.
Ask the students to complete the No . 2 VALUES WORKSHEET with mixtures of 3 colors to achieve 5 distinct values of each mixture . ( It usually works best to work from dark to light .). Students will discover that changing the amount of black & white used enables control of the final value achieved . Students may discover that not all color mixtures will yield the darkest values .
3 . TEMPERATURE WORKSHEET Next , complete the No . 3 TEMPERATURE WORKSHEET by applying a single color across each row , then modifying it with a second color in varying degrees as indicated . Note : Warm colors are yellow and red . Black and white act as cool colors .
4 . VALUE STUDIES Choose a subject , and ask the students to create three value studies and a Zorn Palette painting : a ) Identify the lights & darks in the subject . In a small value sketch , paint the darks black & the lights white . b ) Paint the same subject again , using yellow ochre as the dark , and adding white to it for the lights . c ) Do the same with red . d ) For the final painting - have the students look at the subject in terms of temperature : Cool the shadows with black . Cool the lights with white . Add yellow ochre to warm your lights as needed . Warm the shadows with red .
The Revolutionary New Way To Use Color
Working With a Limited Palette - Zorn Palette
PanPastel Colors : Yellow Ochre 270.5 Permanent Red 340.5 Black 800.5 White 100.5 Sofft Tools : See chart ( Resources page ) showing various options .
Grounds : Print the worksheets on paper with some texture ( e . g . resume paper ). Or any drawing or pastel compatible paper .
Miscellaneous : Paper towels and eraser
IMPORTANT Prior to using PanPastel Colors & Sofft Tools , review the “ Classroom Tips ” on Resources Page of this lesson plan .
US President Grover Cleveland Artist : Anders Zorn - Oil on Canvas , 1899
National Portrait Gallery , Smithsonian Institution ( Washington , DC );
Gift of the Reverend Thomas G . Cleveland
Lesson Plan Developed by : Enid Wood PSA EnidWood . com
PanPastel . com PaintDrawBlend . com