Paul Kelleher , Corporate Relations Director , Asia- Pacific , Diageo
In the Society 2030 plan , Diageo pledges to work with the whole value chain – the people , resources and environment that contribute to success from grain to glass in a 10-year action plan to help create a more inclusive and sustainable world .
Kelleher shares more on how Diageo plans to achieve their goals and how they filter down from a global initiative to the regional and national level .
SPECIAL FEATURE: SUSTAINABILITY - COMMITTEE CONTENT
THE FUTURE OF GREEN DATA CENTRES
The Future of Green
Singapore and the region's view of the data centre industry
Managing Director and
Founder, EnergyStrat Asia Pte
Ltd, Consultant for KPMG, and
Chair, BritCham Energy and
Singapore is firmly in the digital industry sector, winning a
race to attract high tech companies and build its own home-
grown clusters of innovative corporations. The government
has played its own part in developing innovation with a
smart nation and digital government technology agency
driving strategy across ministries. This has further led to the
development of digital districts such as Punggol.
The attractiveness of Singapore as a key commercial hub
for the region creates a demand for secure data storage
and management, this has resulted in an explosion of
data centres across the island with many more planned in
the coming years. Although this has left Singapore with a
Data centres are well known energy guzzlers and one of
the major contributing factors being the massive air-
conditioning systems required to cool the large quantities
of heat being produced by the IT equipment on a small
island with year-round average daily temperatures of 30-34
Celsius. The tropical climate results in 35-40 percent of the
energy consumed by a data centre meeting cooling need.
There are around 60 data centres in Singapore with an
anticipated growth rate of around five percent. These
accounted for around seven percent of Singapore’s
electricity demand in 2020 and are additionally a large
user of water resources. In 2015 power for data centres in
Singapore was 240 MW, rising to 500 MW in 2020 and 700
MW in 2022. By 2030 this is forecast to exceed 1,200 MW,
according to estimates by Keppel DC.
Whilst Singapore has the power capacity to meet this
demand, the challenges of building sufficient renewable
energy capacity on a small island has led to a conflict with
Account Leader, Mott
MacDonald and BritCham
Energy and Utilities
attaining Singapore’s climate goals and meeting green
ambitions of the tech giants like AWS, Microsoft, and Google.
In 2019, the government announced a moratorium on new
data centre development until Singapore can find a solution
to this dichotomy.
A panel formed by the Energy & Utilities, Sustainability and
Built Environment Committees examined Singapore's plans
for the Data Centre industry, the energy challenges this
poses and how providers are rising to the challenge to ensure
Singapore can continue to play a leading role in this global
The panel discussion and presentations focused on:
how data centres will manage their huge demand for
energy from a practical perspective as well as
regional developments, international practices for
how they can tackle the challenge of decarbonisation
through efficient design and transitioning to renewable
energy sources and or mitigating emissions through
Paul Currie, Energy Sector Leader at Mott MacDonald
Singapore Pte Ltd (Moderator)
Lorena Paglia, Regional Engagement Leader, CCE
Sustainability Subject Matter Expert, Microsoft Asia
Pacific (Session Chair)
A/Prof Lee Poh Seng, Executive Director, Energy Studies
Institute at National University of Singapore
Dennis Wee, Head, Innovation at Keppel Data Centres
Andrew Roche, Partner at Ashurst LLP
PS Lee set the scene for the demand and sustainability
of data centres in Singapore and what lessons can be
taken forward when looking at the technical solutions and
standards in Singapore. Setting the pathway to greening the
data centre industry.
Dennis Wee elaborated on how the data centre of the future
might look like in Singapore. Keppel has been at the forefront
of commercial data centres in multiple countries. With a
focus on Singapore and technology, Keppel Data Centres has
been exploring both supply side and demand side innovations
for sustainable data centre development in Singapore.
Andrew Roche highlighted the regulatory and commercial
consideration for those seeking to build data centres in
ASEAN. He has been advising on data centre developments
in the region and recently in Indonesia. There is actually
very high competition in the region to attract data centre
development, although electricity markets, and grid stability,
have a major impact on the greening of data centres.
According to the International Energy Agency, data
centres already account for 200 TWh per year in energy
consumption. While the amount of computing done in data
centres increased by about 550 percent between 2010 and
2018, the amount of energy consumed by data centres only
grew by six percent during the same period. These energy
efficiency gains outpaced anything seen in other major
sectors of the economy. As a result, while data centres now
power more applications for more people than ever before,
they still account for about one percent of global electricity
consumption—the same proportion as in 2010.
Singapore’s moratorium in 2019 was intended as an
opportunity to buy time for the government to reassess the
market and allow the industry to come up with new and more
energy efficient power solutions. Amsterdam also applied a
data centre building moratorium in 2019 due to strains on the
property market and power networks. The ban was lifted after
a year under conditions including locating data centres in
specific zones, with limits on power use and floor space.
Investors need to question whether other ASEAN locations
may be viable alternatives. For other southeast Asian
countries there is an opportunity to attract projects that
might otherwise have been in Singapore. Jakarta, for
instance, has the second highest sub-sea cable hub for
connectivity in the region after Singapore and is rapidly
building-out onshore fibre connectivity. Data sovereignty
laws are attracting new investment in digital infrastructure
with added benefits of access to huge renewable energy
potential for hydro, solar and geothermal. Grid stability
needed for data centres does present a hurdle as does
accessing new renewable generation through PLN, except for
designated industrial parks.
Singapore has opportunity cost in three areas, investment
lost today due to the moratorium, loss of job creation
opportunity in the industry, and reduction in long run
competitiveness, for what is an increasingly critical service.
The moratorium can spur innovations within Singapore's
data centre industry, making Singapore a world leader in
terms of computing density, energy use, and sustainability.
Keppel has been instrumental in leading research for the data
centre of the tropics. High rise data centres and floating data
centre parks have been considered with a focus on energy
efficiency. Centralised power and cooling are proposed with
advantage of reduced land footprint. Modular construction
brings advantages of faster time to market and recyclable
Singapore’s exploration for green energy options includes
short to medium term imports of green electrons through
interconnectors with its neighbours and from even further
afield with high-capacity super connectors, and over the
medium to long term, the establishment of a hydrogen supply
chain. Keppel has signed a Memorandum of Understanding
with Kawasaki, Linde, MOL and VOPAK to study the technical
and commercial viability of a liquified hydrogen supply
infrastructure to power Keppel’s data centres in Singapore.
The panel considered that it is not a question of whether
the moratorium will be lifted, but one around the timing and
conditions for it to happen to retain its regional lead as a
Click on the image to watch the replay of our Future
of Green Data Centres webinar, recorded on
28 September and featuring our expert panellists.
For information on the work of the committee and to access
upcoming and past content click here.
The Energy & Utilities Business Committee is delighted
to once again be a partner of Singapore International
Energy Week. It is holding a ThinkTank Roundtable as part
of the conference programme on trade and commercial
opportunities on the journey to decarbonising ASEAN. Click
here to register.