Nostalgia USA June 2016 Nostalgia USA June 2016 - Page 5

PreparationsFor Invasion O peration Fortitude was the code name for a World War II military deception employed by the Allied nations as part of an overall deception strategy (code named Bodyguard) during the build-up to the 1944 N ormandy landings. Fortitude was divided into two sub-plans, N orth and South, with the aim of misleading the German high command as to the location of the imminent invasion. Both Fortitude plans involved the creation of phantom field armies (based in Edinburgh and the south of England) which threatened N orway (Fortitude N orth) and Pas de Calais (Fortitude South). T he operation was intended to divert Axis attention away from N ormandy and, after the invasion on June 6, 1944, to delay reinforcement by convincing the Germans that the landings were purely a diversionary attack.