Cannabis, on the other hand, has THC levels above 0.3 percent (usually between 5-35 percent). Because of its low THC levels, you can use hemp oil without feeling “high” afterwards. Hemp is typically grown for industrial purposes, as it’s used to make clothing, paper, ropes, carpets, construction materials and plastic composites.
Although the hemp plant contains little or no THC, oils extracted from the resin glands of the plant do contain CBD. Most CBD oil’s products are made this way and come from what’s referred to as “industrial hemp.”
Industrial hemp naturally contains very low levels of THC and high levels of CBD. CBD oil that comes from the hemp plant typically contains less than 0.3 percent THC. Hemp is much easier to grow than cannabis, as it requires less water, no pesticides and minimal care — plus it’s adaptable to most climates.
The hemp seed oil in your local grocery store is extracted from the seeds of the plant and can be used for adding flavor to a range of recipes. Hemp seed oil is also popular because it serves as a source of important nutrients, including polyunsaturated fatty acids, terpenes and proteins. Plain ol’ hemp seed oil doesn’t contain CBD or THC.
Related: CBD vs. THC: What Are the Differences? Which Is Better for You?
CBD Oil vs Cannabis Oil
What about cannabis oil? Well, unlike both CBD oil and hemp oil, cannabis oil does contain THC and it has intoxicating effects. Cannabis oil comes from the Cannabis sativa plant that’s bred for its trichomes.
These trichomes are tiny, hair-like crystals that cover the leaves and buds of the cannabis plant. Trichomes product the hundreds of known cannabinoids that can be found in cannabis. Of the 100+ cannabinoids that have been identified in the cannabis species, CBD and THC have been studied the most extensively for their role in the endocannabinoid system.
Cannabis oil contains both THC and CBD in different ratios, depending on the plant variety. Research shows that cannabis oil may have some benefits. And because cannabis oil does contain THC, there are more potential side effects associated with its use.
CBD Oil Side Effects and Precautions for Health
Possible CBD Side Effects
It appears that CBD oil has few adverse side effects when it’s used in appropriate amounts. The most common CBD oil side effects include drowsiness, dizziness, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, anxiety and changes in mood.
Potential Medication Interactions
We also know that CBD is a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 isoenzymes. The CYP 450 enzyme system works to metabolize prescription drugs and eliminate toxins from the body. Because it alters CYP 450 isoenzymes, CBD may inhibit our body’s ability to metabolize certain drugs, causing them to stay in the body system longer.
That’s why it’s important to consult with your healthcare professional before using CBD.
Choosing the Right Product — a Safe CBD Oil
As the popularity of CBD products continues to grow, more manufacturers are jumping on the bandwagon. This can be a great thing for consumers who are looking to get the best CBD products out there.
But it also requires careful research before making a purchase. Because the cannabis plant readily absorbs pesticides, heavy metals and other chemicals that are in the soil and water, it’s so important that cannabis plants are frequently tested while they are growing. And it’s up to manufactures to test CBD products, too. When you are shopping for CBD oil, look for products that have been tested for contaminants and for CBD vs. THC levels.