Kiosk Solutions Apr-May 2020 | Page 10

clean innovations Clean Innovations in Shared Devices We’re facing a global pandemic. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) has halted modern society in a way that has not been seen since the Swine Flu outbreak of 2009. It’s a scary, but important reminder of just how easily microbials are spread from person to person, both directly and indirectly. Chris Fravel Marketing Specialist KioWare Kiosk Software | Analytical Design Solutions, Inc. Let’s touch on that quickly. How are microbials spread from one host to another? According to the Council of the Microbiology Society, there are four main stages of microbe transmission which include escape from the host or reservoir of infection (where the infection agent normally lives and multiplies); transport to the new host; entry to the new host; escape from the new host. The modes of transmission differ from pathogen to pathogen, but the main routes are listed below: Animals and Insects – Whether it’s through a bite, sting, or even body-to-body contact, animals and insects are able to transmit certain types of microbes to humans. Fomites – Inanimate objects such as cloth, plastic, metal, and more can carry disease-causing microbes that are spread when living organisms interact with them, mostly through touch. Person-to-Person – Perhaps one of the most common forms of transmission, person-to-person can take several forms including airborne, blood or bodily fluid exchange, and touch. Food and Water – Most microbes need nutrients for growth and often consume the same foods as larger organisms like humans. With access points to our food along the “plough to plate” chain, microbes can wreak havoc on our food and water sources if they are allowed to survive and multiply to the point where the contaminated sustenance reaches our plate. 18 KIOSK solutions KIOSK solutions 19