Lithium-metal batteries and lithium-ion batteries are both categorized as lithium batteries . However , the term lithium batteries generally refers to lithium-ion batteries , which contain no metallic lithium and support cyclic charge and discharge .
In 1991 , SONY launched its first commercial lithium-ion battery . In 2009 , Huawei began largescale use of lithium batteries in communications base stations . Since 2016 , the electric vehicle market , which uses lithium batteries , has been growing exponentially . To date , the power output of power batteries sold by the world ' s top ten lithium battery manufacturers is equivalent to 90 GWh .
As the energy density and safety performance of lithiumion batteries continues to improve – and as the cost declines – demand for lithium-ion batteries is increasing , across communications , electric power , electric vehicle , and data center fields . They are becoming a nextgeneration , mainstream source of energy . • www . intelligentcio . com INTELLIGENTCIO