Intelligent CIO Europe Issue 25 - Page 78

t cht lk TECH TALK are compiled can introduce assumptions or biases – gender, race or income – that influence how the system behaves. Consider how datasets drawn from a male-dominated field unintentionally resulted in a gender- biased recruitment tool. Similarly, a lack of transparency around the data models and information infrastructures used to power AI systems – what data is used and how decisions are made – has the potential to lead to similar issues associated with ethical AI design, development and deployment. The fast-paced adoption and reliance on data and Machine Learning in every field of activity – government, healthcare, agriculture, policing, finance and so forth – to automate decision-making and transactional tasks, means concerns about the potential misuse of these technologies cannot be ignored. The fallout can be seen in the public mistrust of social networking platforms, fuelled by the 78 INTELLIGENTCIO “ Risk and reward – The benefits of taking an ethical approach IT HAS BEEN ESTIMATED THAT AI COULD ADD AN ADDITIONAL £630 BILLION TO THE UK ECONOMY BY 2035. The UK government’s £9 million investment in a national advisory board is being driven by a desire to ensure safe, ethical and ground-breaking innovation in AI and data-driven technologies – and propel UK leadership in this arena on the global stage. Earlier this year, a House of Lords select committee report on the impact of Artificial Intelligence on the UK’s economy and society identified ethics as an area the country could gain a commercial edge on a Cambridge Analytica scandal and growing focus on how organisations use personal information and data. global scale. Indeed, it has been estimated that AI could add an additional £630 billion to the UK economy by 2035. The widespread recognition of the social and public dimensions of AI means concerns that organisations could use AI-powered tools to intentionally – or inadvertently – invade privacy or cause harm; unfairness or moral wrongs must be addressed. Enterprises and public sector bodies looking to take advantage of these opportunities are recognising that ethical judgements will need to be made about how we use and apply data – and are putting appropriate accountability structures in place. The year