Hooo-Hooo Volume 11 Nr 1 - Page 20

WildLife Group of the SAVA

One of the major goals of the Cheetah Metapopulation Project is to initiate human mediated gene flow to ensure the genetic heath of the metapopulation . Since the inception of the Cheetah Metapopulation Project in June 2011 , 112 cheetah have been moved between metapopulation reserves . Twenty-three ( 21 %) of these cheetahs died in transit . Most died during immobilisation ( 87 %, n = 20 ), whilst three cheetah were lost due to darting and collar complications . The high incidence of cheetah mortalities whilst in transit threatens the viability of the metapopulation project . The continued loss of cheetahs related directly to management actions , raises welfare and ethical concerns that need to be weighed up against conservation benefits . Here we discuss the future role of the wildlife vet in ensuring healthy levels of gene flow between wildlife populations that exist in fenced systems . We highlight the need for good genetic management and the requirement for research on preferred immobilisation techniques that will minimise the loss of wild cheetah in transit .
Rhino Orphans – Lessons Learned https :// vimeo . com / 216812453 Albertus Coetzee 1 and Ferreira du Plessis 2
1
West Acres Animal Hospital , 53 Figtree Street , Nelspruit , South Africa
2
Mpumalanga Tourism and Parks Agency
Background Poaching has been creating major challenges by producing rhino orphans that veterinarians and care-givers need to deal with . Often these orphans run around for days on end before being located . The capture and initial veterinary treatment of these orphans can be challenging . Most of the areas where the rhinos originate from are remote and the initial stabilization is crucial in successful treatment . The purpose of the presentation will point out veterinary aspects of assessment , diagnostics and decision making .
Outline of presentation Assessment at capture or arrival at care centre - Vital signs - Consider dehydration , hypotension , hypoglycaemia , hypothermia , hypoxia and sepsis as likely problems - Ensure venous access - Check for damage to eyes place doughnut type blindfold . - Draw blood samples , ( serum , heparin and EDTA ) for immediate blood glucose and further analysis
- Antimicrobial therapy : Ampicillin or Benzyl Penicillin plus Genta if not dehydrated . Can also consider ceftiofur 5mg / kg IV
Address basic needs - Sedation - Temperature regulation - Fluid intake or drip therapy - Nutrition – the challenge to pass a naso-gastric tube !
Diagnostics - Full blood count , biochemistry and electrolytes - Radiographs - Wound assessment
Therapeutic plan - Control infection - Anti-inflammatory treatment - Ulcer treatment
Discussion of lessons learned - Ocular damage - Immunosuppression - Preliminary sharing of biochemistry findings - Passing of a naso-gastric tube for feeding - Placing a long-term catheter in medial cephalic vein - Managing low protein levels - Managing low blood glucose - Managing diarrhoea - Milk substitute used - Future projects
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WildLife Group of the SAVA One of the major goals of the Cheetah Metapopulation Project is to initiate human mediated gene flow to ensure the genetic heath of the metapopulation. Since the inception of the Cheetah Metapopulation Project in June 2011, 112 cheetah have been moved between metapopulation reserves. Twenty-three (21%) of these cheetahs died in transit. Most died during immobilisation (87%, n=20), whilst three cheetah were lost due to darting and collar complications. The high incidence of cheetah mortalities whilst in transit threatens the viability of the metapopulation project. The continued loss of cheetahs related directly to management actions, raises welfare and ethical concerns that need to be weighed up against conservation benefits. Here we discuss the future role of the wildlife vet in ensuring healthy levels of gene flow between wildlife populations that exist in fenced systems. We highlight the need for good genetic management and the requirement for research on preferred immobilisation techniques that will minimise the loss of wild cheetah in transit. Rhino Orphans – Lessons Learned https://vimeo.com/216812453 Albertus Coetzee and Ferreira du Plessis 1 2 West Acres Animal Hospital, 53 Figtree Street, Nelspruit, South Africa 2 Mpumalanga Tourism and Parks Agency 1 Background Poaching has been creating major challenges by producing rhino orphans that veterinarians and care-givers need to deal with. Often these orphans run around for days on end before being located. The capture and initial veterinary treatment of these orphans can be challenging. Most of the areas where the rhinos originate from are remote and the initial stabilization is crucial in successful treatment. The purpose of the presentation will point out veterinary aspects of assessment, diagnostics and decision making. 20 Outline of presentation Assessment at c …ΑΡΥΙ”½Θ…ΙΙ₯Ω…°…Ё…Ι”•ΉΡΙ”(΄€$Y₯Ρ…°Ν₯ΉΜ(΄€$ ½ΉΝ₯‘•Θ‘•‘ε‘Ι…Ρ₯½Έ°‘εΑ½Ρ•ΉΝ₯½Έ°)‘εΑ½±ε…•΅₯„°‘εΑ½Ρ‘•Ι΅₯„°‘εΑ½α₯„…ΉΝ•ΑΝ₯Μ)…́±₯­•±δΑΙ½‰±•΅Μ(΄€$ΉΝΥΙ”Ω•Ή½Ύ…•ΝΜ(΄€$ ‘•¬™½Θ‘…΅…”ΡΌ•ε•ΜΑ±…”‘½Υ‘ΉΥЁΡεΑ”)‰±₯Ή‘™½±Έ(΄€$Ʌ܁‰±½½Ν…΅Α±•Μ°€‘Ν•ΙΥ΄°‘•Α…Ι₯Έ…ΉQ€)™½Θ₯΅΅•‘₯…Ρ”‰±½½±Υ½Ν”…Ή™ΥΙΡ‘•Θ…Ή…±εΝ₯Μ(΄€$ΉΡ₯΅₯Ι½‰₯…°Ρ‘•Ι…Αδ聡Α₯₯±±₯Έ½Θ •Ήιε°)A•Ή₯₯±±₯ΈΑ±Ύ•ΉΡ„₯˜Ή½Π‘•‘ε‘Ι…Ρ•Έ …Έ…±ΝΌ)½ΉΝ₯‘•Θ•™Ρ₯½™ΥΘ€Υ΅œ½­œ%X)‘‘Ι•Ν́‰…Ν₯ŒΉ••‘Μ(΄€$M•‘…Ρ₯½Έ(΄€$Q•΅Α•Ι…ΡΥΙ”Ι•Υ±…Ρ₯½Έ(΄€$±Υ₯₯ΉΡ…­”½Θ‘Ι₯ΐΡ‘•Ι…Αδ(΄€$9ΥΡΙ₯Ρ₯½ΈƒŠLΡ‘”‘…±±•Ή”ΡΌΑ…Ν́„Ή…ΝΌ΅…ΝΡΙ₯Œ)ΡΥ‰”„)₯…Ή½ΝΡ₯Μ(΄€$Υ±°‰±½½½ΥΉΠ°‰₯½‘•΅₯ΝΡΙ䁅Ή•±•ΡΙ½±εΡ•Μ(΄€$I…‘₯½Ι…Α‘Μ(΄€$]½ΥΉ…ΝΝ•ΝΝ΅•ΉΠ)Q‘•Ι…Α•ΥΡ₯ŒΑ±…Έ(΄€$ ½ΉΡΙ½°₯Ή™•Ρ₯½Έ(΄€$ΉΡ€΅₯Ή™±…΅΅…Ρ½ΙδΡΙ•…Ρ΅•ΉΠ(΄€$U±•ΘΡΙ•…Ρ΅•ΉΠ)₯͍ΥΝΝ₯½Έ½˜±•ΝΝ½ΉΜ±•…ΙΉ•(΄€$=Υ±…ȁ‘…΅…”(΄€$%΅΅ΥΉ½ΝΥΑΑΙ•ΝΝ₯½Έ(΄€$AΙ•±₯΅₯Ή…ΙδΝ‘…Ι₯Ήœ½˜‰₯½‘•΅₯ΝΡΙ䁙₯Ή‘₯ΉΜ(΄€$A…ΝΝ₯Ήœ½˜„Ή…ΝΌ΅…ΝΡΙ₯ŒΡΥ‰”™½Θ™••‘₯Ήœ(΄$A±…₯Ήœ„±½Ήœ΅Ρ•Ι΄…Ρ‘•Ρ•Θ₯Έ΅•‘₯…°•Α‘…±₯Œ)Ω•₯Έ(΄€$5…Ή…₯Ήœ±½άΑΙ½Ρ•₯Έ±•Ω•±Μ(΄€$5…Ή…₯Ήœ±½ά‰±½½±Υ½Ν”(΄€$5…Ή…₯Ήœ‘₯…ΙΙ‘½•„(΄€$5₯±¬ΝΥ‰ΝΡ₯ΡΥΡ”ΥΝ•(΄$ΥΡΥΙ”ΑΙ½©•Ρ