Hooo-Hooo Volume 11 Nr 1 - Page 16

WildLife Group of the SAVA (Zimbabwe). Unknown aetiology, but suspected to be related to captive diets. Usually associated with nonspecific clinical signs. Diagnosis is based on iron profiles (TIBC, ferritin), and histopathology. Treatment can include therapeutic phlebotomy and or chelation therapy. development of anaemia, lethargy, decreased appetite, and loss of condition. Aetiology is unknown but may be related to diets high in protein (lucerne, alfalfa) and chronic nonspecific inflammation. Diagnosis is usually made post-mortem. Treatment is supportive. Chronic renal disease – This is an emerging problem in rhinos (both black and white). Based on necropsies of captive black rhinos performed between 2007 and 2012, 74% of animals had significant renal disease. Unfortunately, there are no obvious clinicopathological changes that provide a clear diagnosis. Usually progresses to renal failure with SUMMARY Nutritional deficiencies in captive Caracal caracal(Caracal) and Leptailurus serval(Serval) kittens The quick and the dead: pathogenesis of kidney disease in captive cheetahs (acinonyx jubatus) https://vimeo.com/216803229 https://vimeo.com/207935685 Dr Dorian Elliot Bird and Exotic Animal Hospital, Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital, Pretoria. dorianne. elliott@up.ac.za, www.birdandexotic.co.za There is a large population of captive caracals and aervals in South Africa, many of whom are in private hands. These species of cat breed well in captivity and for a number of reasons including mis-mothering, but more frequently for the pet/exotic animal collector and the cub petting trade, the kittens are removed from their mothers for hand rearing. The nutritional requirements of these fast growing kittens are very specific and in inexperienced hands, nutritional deficiencies may develop. The most commonly seen deficiencies include metabolic bone disease and thiamine deficiency. In this article we will follow several typical case studies from presentation through diagnosis to treatment and resolution of clinical signs. 16 White and black rhinos may be affected by infectious, metabolic, nutritional, immune-mediated, toxic, traumatic and idiopathic diseases. Differential diagnostic list in ill/dead rhinos should include common and uncommon diseases of domestic animals. Further studies are required to investigate epidemiology of diseases in these species. Emily P. Mitchell¹, 2 , Leon Prozesky 2 , Antoinette Kotzé 1 and John Lawrence 2 ¹Department of Research and Scientific Services National Zoological Gardens of South Africa P O Box 754, Pretoria 0002 South Africa; ²Department of Paraclinical Sciences Faculty of Veterinary Science University of Pretoria P/Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110. South Africa Captive cheetahs suffer from chronic renal disease (CRD) including AA-amyloidosis (RA) thought to be triggered by chronic inflammation; and glomerulosclerosis (GS) which has been postulated to be due to stress-related chronic hyperglycaemia and/ or daily feeding regimens. The birth, death, parentage and king coat status of 670 cheetahs from one facility were compared with the presence or absence of inflamed palatine clefts (IPC), gastritis, enterocolitis (EC), GS, renal cortical fibrosis (RCF), chronic renal infarction (CRI), RA and renal medullary fibrosis