Hooo-Hooo Volume 10, Nr 3 - Page 5

On farm feeding

Basic approach to feeding game and practical tips to reduce risk on the farm

Dr . Craig Shepstone Wildlife Nutrition Services
0833051380 | craig . shepstone @ gmail . com
When considering feeding animals on a game farm , one must consider the risk that goes along with it . It is important that the farmer , manager does everything in their power to minimise risk . It is sad if something happens on the farm that could have been prevented .
The biggest challenge regarding this topic is the lack of understanding of what can go wrong when purchasing , mixing , storing and feeding feed / raw materials to animals .
When considering an animals gut , be it a foregut fermenter ( ruminant ), or a hindgut fermenter like the rhino , one can take the total volume of food ingested and divide it into 3 equal parts .
Full belly / animals nutritional requirements = 1 + 2 + 3
For the purpose of this article , feeds are broken down into supplements , semi adlib feeds , full feeds and roughage ;
When feeding an animal , the animals food requirement is 1 + 2 + 3
Supplements
Supplemental feed , should be supplied at amounts smaller than or equal to 1 / 3 of the animal ’ s physiological requirements ( ≤1 ).
In terms of practically feeding the animals requirements are equal to 1 + 2 + 3 , where 1 is the supplement and the rest ( 2 + 3 ) = grass or available roughage . In other words , when an animal receives a supplement it should get the necessary nutrient requirements for its particular physiological state in ≤1 of the 3 segments shown in figure one .
Supplements are normally concentrated feed , supplied to the animals in small amounts .
Figure 1 : projecting the gut in thirds .
They are usually found in the form of pellets or meals , which can be purchased , or mixed on the farm .
• In short supplements are small amounts of concentrated nutrients that assist the digestion of the natural forage the animals eat .
• Designed to give the animal what nature can ’ t for optimal production and reproduction at any specific time of the year ( dry and green months ).
2016 JULY 5
On farm feeding Basic approach to feeding game and practical tips to reduce risk on the farm Dr. Craig Shepstone Wildlife Nutrition Services 0833051380 | craig.shepstone@gmail.com When considering feeding animals on a game farm, one must consider the risk that goes along with it. It is important that the farmer, manager does everything in their power to minimise risk. It is sad if something happens on the farm that could have been prevented. Full belly/animals nutritional requirements = 1 + 2 + 3 The biggest challenge regarding this topic is the lack of understanding of what can go wrong when purchasing, mixing, storing and feeding feed/raw materials to animals. When feeding an animal, the animals food requirement is 1 + 2 + 3 When considering an animals gut, be it a foregut fermenter (ruminant), or a hindgut fermenter like the rhino, one can take the total volume of food ingested and divide it into 3 equal parts. For the purpose of this article, feeds are broken down into supplements, semi adlib feeds, full feeds and roughage; Supplements Supplemental feed, should be supplied at amounts smaller than or equal to 1/3 of the animal’s physiological requirements (≤1). In terms of practically feeding the animals requirements are equal to 1 + 2 + 3, where 1 is the supplement and the rest (2 + 3) = grass or available roughage. In other wo [[[[X[XZ]\˜H\[Y[][]HX\\H]Y[\]Z\[Y[܈]\X[\\[X[]H[8i BوH YY[ۈ[Y\HۙK\[Y[\HܛX[Hۘ[]YYY \YYH[[X[[X[[[[˂Y\H NڙX[H][\˂^H\H\X[H[[HܛHو[]܈YX[X[H\\Y ܈Z^YۈH\K(H[ܝ\[Y[\HX[[[[قۘ[]Y]Y[]\\HY\[ۂوH]\[ܘYHH[[X[X] (H\YۙY]HH[[X[]]\H[&]܈[X[X[ۈ[\X[ۈ][BXYX[YHوHYX\ H[ܙY[[۝K MSBB