of the SAVA
Feeding animals, the different types of feed:
• All Feed must be placed in a decent feed bowl,
that gets cleaned periodically
• If hay is supplied as a roughage source, place it
in a separate bowl or hay stack on the side, away
from the supplement or semi adlib feed.
• Do not allow hay to be placed on the ground
• Animals tend to lie, urinate and defecate on
it, rendering it useless.
• This will prevent soil moisture from being
absorbed into the bale of hay – creating
a suitable environment for mould/fungal
• When feeding, supplying the animals with one or
two bowls for the whole herd is not advised. This
creates the situation where only a few animals
will eat all of the feed, leaving the rest of the
herd without any.
• When feeding supplements and semi adlib feeds,
a long line of feed bowls, or a long feeding crib/
space is not advised, as the dominant animal
tends to chase younger and non-dominant
animals away, resulting in the dominant animals
eating more than the rest.
Suggested feeding methods when feeding
supplements and semi adlib feeds (NOT ROUGHAGE):
• Measure out the required amount of feed, and
• To prevent dominance and over eating in
intensive production units (breeding herds in
• All feed bowls must be placed far enough
from each other to prevent dominance at a
particular feed bowl.
• Allow 2.5 animal lengths between bowls.
• Place the bowls in a huge block - in a chessboard fashion.
• This allows the non-dominant animals to
avoid the dominant animals, giving each
animal a chance to eat.
• Where both male and female animals have
horns, it is advised to have 20% more bowls than
• Where only males have horns, about four to six
animals to a bowl is advised
To ensure all animals get a chance to eat their
amount on a daily basis – or get it as an average
over the feeding period
• Train the animals to eat at the bowls
• When placing the feed, only do so if and when
all the animals are near
• This allows all the animals a chance to get
food, and prevent one animal from over
• If feed is left over supply the same amount less
the next day.
Move feeding sights/bowls periodically.
When feeding supplements in the form of pellets,
supply the pellets separate to the hay.
• This ensures all animals get a chance to eat
their share of pellets and prevent some from
only getting hay.
To prevent rumen disorders like rumenitis and
acidosis, animals need to be adapted to any new
• So when introducing animals to a feed or
changing feed, it is very important to adapt the
animals; do it over approximately 5 weeks 1/5th the first week, 2/5ths the second week until the desired intake, as prescribed, is eaten.
Supplying animal’s supplements or semi adlib
feed in the form of a pellets or self-mix recipes
in large multi specie camps, hunting camps and
game reserves, where it is impossible to follow
the above mentioned suggestions. Place the feed
in the bowls every 2 to 3 days.
• This will prevent any one animal from staying
at the feeding sight day after day, eating their
belly full for a few days in a row, preventing
possible rumen disorders
Semi adlib feeds
• When feeding animals semi adlib feed diets in
the form of pellets; care must be taken when
doing so. Supplying an animal with 2/3rds of
their total daily feed intake should be done
gradually, over a period of a few weeks allowing
their rumen microbes time to adapt to the
• The reason for this;