Hooo-Hooo Hooo-Hooo Volume 12 Issue 03 - Page 8

WildLife Group of the SAVA 5. ALTERNATIVE COCKTAILS (Other colleagues) Etorphine mg Thianil mg Opioid combinations mg Etorphine /Thianil 50:50 1.5mg - 9 months 4mg - cow 4.5mg – bull Other Azaperone/ketamine/ hyaluronidase mix (50mg/200mg/1000IU per ml Reference Gerber .S 1cc darts – fill dart with mix in adults and 0.3ml for 9 months old calves 40 mg Fentanyl +1.5 mg Thianil (cow) Eksteen J W Grobler D Age Thianil mg Etorphine mg Azaperone/ Ketamine/ Hyaluronidase mix (50mg/100mg/500IU per ml) 4 months 0.5 0.5 0.25 ml of mix 10 months 0.75 0.75 0.5 ml of mix 15 months 1 1 0.75 ml of mix 22 months 1.5 1.5 1 ml of mix Adult cow 1.75 1.75 1 ml of mix Adult bull 2 2 1 ml of mix 6. ALTERNATIVE DRUGS (in event of non-availability of Thianil or Etorphine) • BAM (wildlife pharmaceutical 1ml per 100kg live mass) 15 -20 minutes induction – practical in smaller camps or bomas ZOLETIL 6.6 mg per kg live mass (international hand book of wildlife chemical immobilization) Zoletil / Medetomidine – 1mg/kg zoletil and 0.05 mg/kg medetomidine reverse with atipamezole at 5X medetomidine Detomidine 0.05 mg/kg + Butorphanol 0.05mg /kg + ketamine 1 mg/kg (Bouts T- Cape town congress) Brett Garner (wildlife forum) – in controlled conditions makes the following mix known as BAM: » » 6ml of 50mg/ml Butorphanol » » 2ml of 100mg/ml Azaperone » » 6ml of 20mg/ml medetomidine • • • • • Total dosage = 21.4 mg/ml butorphanol+14.3mg/ml Azaperone and 8.6mg/ml Medetomidine. In difficult species adds ketamine to the dart. Reverse with naltrexone and atipamezole, BAM is commercially available from Wildlifevets • 8