Hooo-Hooo Hooo-Hooo Volume 12 Issue 03 - Page 10

WildLife Group of the SAVA On the 24th July 2002 a new Act was implemented – Animal Health Act (Act no 7 of 2002) At present the Animal Health regulations state the following: Table 2 - CONTROLLED MEASURES RELATING TO CONTROLLED ANIMAL DISEASES Animal disease Nature, causal organism and symptoms Susceptible animals Controlled veterinary act to be performed Bovine Malignant Catarrhal Fever Viral disease which can occur when there is contact between cattle and blue or black wildebeest and char- acterised by affection of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tracts and intestines, as well as the conjunctiva, with muco-purulent discharge from the e and nose, en- larged lymph nodes, emaciation and high mortality of infected cattle Cattle and Blue or Black Wildebeest Contact between cattle and blue or black wilde- beest shall be prevented Recommended control measures In absence of vaccine the only effective strategy is to limit contact between MCF susceptible species and the natural hosts of the viruses. In the case of free-living wildebeest, the advice to remove cattle from the areas where wildebeest are present, particularly during the calving period of wildebeest, In view of the fact that epidemiological observations indicate that aerosol transmission does occur, the distance of separation between the wildebeest and cattle should be as great as possible, at least 100 metre. As the causal viruses are gammaherpsviruses their survival period outside the host is likely to be short and thus infectivity on pasture will only survive for a short period, and will not be present after 48 hours of destocking During culling operations the contamination of the veldt at the inspection point must be well managed and strategically placed (e.g. not close to the neighbour border fences) SHOT PLACEMENT Nature Conservation input (Mr Michael Burmeister) In the EC there are 3 main pieces of legislation that would govern wildebeest on game farms. The Ordinance (old CPA regulations) states that any activity involving a wild animal requires a permit. For example the sale and movement of any of the wildebeest requires a permit. The Provincial Fencing specifications regulate how they are kept. Wildebeest are not classified as dangerous game or as jumpers so they do not require the 2.4m game fence but only a standard height stock fence which is 1.4m. Finally the NEMA: Threatened and Protected species regulations or TOPS regulations regulate black wildebeest. Black wildebeest requires TOPS for any activity. The TOPS regulations also prohibit hybridization of any TOPS species. This is why we do not allow both species on the same property unless they are separated by a fence. 10