Hooo-Hooo Hooo-Hooo Vol. 13 Issue 01 - Page 14

WildLife Group of the SAVA CPD Questionnaire Answer the questions on the Vet360 App. Available from the Itunes/Play Store! Alternative method: Complete your CPD on the traditional webplatform or SMS system follow the link from www.vet360.vetlink.co.za Question 1 Which of the following factors does not stimulate Clostridium botulinum spores to germinate? Question 5 In which of the following avian species is botulism rarely documented? a. Increased temperature b. High levels of organic material in the sediment c. Low water pH d. Low water oxygen content e. Anaerobic conditions a. Waterfowl b. Ibis c. Egrets d. Vulture e. Pelicans Question 2 Which of the following substrates would be considered suitable for botulism toxin production? Question 6 Which of the following Clostridium botulinum neurotoxins have been associated with mortalities among fish eating birds? a. Lush vegetation b. Decomposing carcasses c. Fast flowing rivers d. Deep waters e. Water of low salinity Question 3 Botulism toxin is not known to accumulate in which of the following? a. Mammals b. Fish c. Molluscs d. Crustacea e. Maggots Question 4 How many types of botulism neurotoxins are currently known? a. Three b. Four c. Five d. Six e. Seven 14 a. Type A b. Type D c. Type E d. Type B e. Type G Question 7 Which of the following disease transmission mechanisms are not thought to occur with avian botulism? a. Carcass maggot cycle b. Feco-oral transmission from sick birds c. Accumulation of toxin within mussels d. Algal blooms e. Toxin accumulation within decomposing carcasses Question 8 Which of the following clinical signs are not associated with possible avian botulism? a. Weakness and paralysis b. Loss of ability to fly c. Enteritis d. Inability to hold up heads e. Paralysis of the third eyelid