HHE HOPE 2019 - Page 12

CHART 14 Number of physicians per 100,000 inhabitants and number and % of physicians per 100,000 inhabitants working in hospitals: Year 2016 Physicians per 100,000 Number of physicians per 100,000 working in hospitals % of physicians per 100,000 working in hospitals 600 90% 83% 500 75% 74% 66% 64% 400 68% 62% 60% 55% 55% 58% 53% 57% 60% 57% 46% 300 45% 45% 39% 200 24% 0% 0 15% ni Po rt 100 30% CHART 15 Number of practising nurses per 100,000 inhabitants: Years 2006–2016 2006 2016 Variation: Years 2006 - 2016 1200 80% 67% 1000 65% 800 50% 600 35% 21% 17% 14% 10% 4% 5% 1% -10% 20% -5% -6% 0 1% -3% 3% 2% 7% 200 17% 16% 400 24% gives work to more than half of active physicians. In 2016, the share of practising nurses per 100,000 registered the lowest values in Greece (325), Latvia (464), Poland (516), Spain (551) and Italy (557) (Chart 15). The highest values belong to Germany (1285), Finland (1426), Denmark (1690) and Switzerland (1702). In the same year, the lowest share of practising physicians was registered in Poland (242), the United Kingdom (278), Luxembourg (288), Ireland (294) and Slovenia (301), whereas the highest values were seen in Germany (419), Switzerland (425), Sweden (427), Lithuania (447) and Austria (513) (Chart 14). Between 2006 and 2016, the number of both practising nurses and physicians increased by 15% in EU, according to information available. These figures provide evidence of the policies implemented, or at least the trends for the management of healthcare professionals, 12 HHE 2019 | hospitalhealthcare.com especially concerning the allocation of resources and responsibilities between physicians and nurses. In the EU, the average rate of nurses per physicians is about 2.4 points. In 2016, the highest values are in Denmark (4.6), Finland (4.4), Luxembourg (4.1), Switzerland (4.0) and Belgium (3.6). In these countries, there is a high shift of competencies from physicians to nurses. Conversely, in countries where the values are lowest – such as Lithuania (1.7), Austria (1.6), Latvia (1.4), Spain (1.4) and Italy (1.4) – physicians continue to perform most of the clinical activities. In 2016, according to last data available, physicians per 100,000 inhabitants working in hospitals (full or part time) were approximately 50%–60% of the total, with the highest rates registered in Lithuania (66%), Estonia (68%), Switzerland (74%) and France (83%). By contrast, the lowest values were seen in Belgium (24%), the