@Halal April 2019 - Page 26

02 @Glam.Halal april-may. 2019 tourism Hagia Sophia combined the traditional design elements of an Orthodox basilica with a large, domed roof, and a semi-domed altar with two narthex or porches.” The history of Hagia Sophia From a symbol of greatness for Christianity, to the grand beacon for Islam, now a museum of religious history H agia Sophia is one of the world’s most distinguished building in the world, origi- nally a church constructed by the East Roman Empire in Istanbul, now a museum commemorating the history of Christianity and Islam in Turkey. The 8th wonder of the world, as it is known to many, were converted into an imperial mosque after Mehmed the Conqueror’s army breached the city walls in 1453 – it served as pride of place under Ottoman rule for almost five centuries thereafter. Located in the neighborhood of Sultanahmet, it is undoubt- edly one of the most important museums of Istanbul, and has been named as a World Heritage site by UNESCO. The history In 360 CE, the first church was built in Con- stantinople by the son of Constantine, Roman Emperor Constantius II. During a series of riots, the church took a toll and was burned down. In 404 CE, a second church was ordered and erected by Theodosius II. This second church however, also shared the same fate; it was burned to the ground over the Nika Revolt against Emperor Justinian I. In the wake of the revolt, at the same loca- tion, the third church, which is the Hagia Sophia was built under the direction of Emperor Justinian I between 532 and 537 CE. Hagia Sophia was built in 5 years, 10 months and 4 days, at record time. The building of the church was said to take the work of more than 10,000 men. Hagia Sophia combined the traditional design elements of an Orthodox basilica with a large, domed roof, and a semi-domed altar with two narthex or porches. Emperor Justinian decreed that all provinces under his rule send architectural pieces for use in its construction in an effort to create a grand