@Green January/February 2022 - Page 16


@ green | January-February , 2022

Striking a balance

Roadmap launched for Malaysia ’ s RE transition
Source : MyRER ( 2021 )

TO IMPROVE the nation ’ s renewable energy ( RE ) mix in electricity supply and fulfil its commitment towards climate action , the government launched the Malaysia Renewable Energy Roadmap ( MyRER ) – originally known as the Renewable Energy Transition Roadmap ( RETR ) 2021-2035 on Dec 30 , 2021 .

Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Datuk Seri Takiyuddin Hassan launched the MyRER to be implemented from 2021 to 2035 through government agencies and the private sector ’ s RE entrepreneurs and industry players .
With a focus on energy transition and a vision on a pathway towards a low carbon energy system , the roadmap guides the deployment of the needed RE capacity mix in achieving the national aspiration of 31 per cent RE in the national installed capacity mix by 2025 and 40 per cent RE by 2035 .
RE capacity projections
MyRER is the Energy and Natural Resources Ministry ’ s ( KeTSA ) three-pronged approach , which will increase the capacity of the renewable energy mix in the country ’ s electricity supply and help the country meet its climate change commitments .
According to Takiyuddin , the MyRER projects an increase of 4,466 megawatts ( MW ) in RE capacity to 12,916MW by 2025 compared to the baseline of 8,450 MW in 2020 . Meanwhile , the projected RE capacity in 2035 will increase by 9,546 MW ( from the same baseline in 2020 ) to 17,996 MW .
“ This increase in RE capacity could help reduce the intensity of carbon emissions per GDP in the electricity supply sector by 45 per cent in 2030 and 60 per cent in 2035 compared to 2005 level .
“ The increase of RE capacity target is the ministry ’ s commitment towards supporting the country ’ s aspiration to achieve carbon neutrality as early as 2050 as well as contributing to the country ’ s updated Nationally Determined Contribution ( NDC ) as submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ( UNFCCC ) just before COP26 last year .”
The implementation of MyRER , he added , was also expected to generate economic spillovers from capital investments worth RM20 billion in 2025 and a further RM33 billion by 2035 and nearly 47,000 direct job opportunities in the field of RE .
Malaysia Renewable Energy Roadmap
MyRER , developed by the Sustainable Energy Development Authority ( SEDA ) Malaysia , has detailed the country ’ s short and medium-term RE development plan and the best path for the transition to a low carbon energy system . It guides industry players on :
• the direction of national RE development by area in Peninsular Malaysia , Sabah and Sarawak ;
• the potential , targets , strategic framework as well as the expected economic spillover value for the development of RE resources that contribute to the aspiration of increasing the RE mix in the country ’ s electricity supply ; and
• reference for capacity projections and national strategies to achieve the target of 31 per cent installed RE capacity by 2025 and 40 per cent by 2035 . Concomitantly , the roadmap aims to strike a balance between achieving environmental goals , affordability and economic benefits and maintaining system security and stability ( Energy Trilemma ).
MyRER Strategic framework
MyRER outlines a strategic framework to achieve the country ’ s RE development vision of “ Towards a Low Carbon Energy System ” through the implementation of four technology-specific pillars , namely :
• Solar photovoltaic ( PV ) pillar ,
• Bio-Energy pillar ,
• Hydro pillar , and
• New Solutions and Resources pillar ( geothermal , wind and energy storage technologies ). And as each RE technology and resource has its characteristics , behaviours , and challenges , each technology must be developed separately to enable the best mechanism for the technology .
All these pillars will be further supported by four catalyst initiatives that act as enablers , namely ; a . Future-proofing existing electricity regulatory and market practices - to enhance private sector participation and to provide greater customer choice in choosing RE powered electricity ; b . Improve access to green financing - to increase financial flows vis-à-vis the government ’ s intent to accelerate RE deployment in energy transition ; c . evelop awareness and future readiness - to promote RE-centric society . This initiative includes human capital and infrastructure development , supporting future power sector transition as well as efforts to strengthen technology innovation in RE ; and d , Increase the flexibility of supply grid system - exploring a feasible framework for demand-side management , smart grids including battery energy storage system integration to improve grid management . The roadmap strategic pillars with a short-term milestone development target for 2025 will be achieved by enhancing existing programmes coupled with a few initiatives .
Meanwhile , the 2035 ( medium-term ) development milestones will be met by implementing new business models as part of the government ’ s strategy to future-proof its existing electricity market regulatory and power sector industry practices .
Implementing MyRER
While the RE industry is delighted that the much-awaited MyRER has finally been launched , it is noted that the first milestone which has less than four years to go ( i . e . 2025 ) will need smooth implementation of the required action plan as well as close monitoring to ensure any issues that arise can be addressed to the installed capacity of RE can be met .
The launch of the MyRER is indeed timely given that the urgency of climate change is on the rise . The release of the 6th Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ( IPCC ) last year revealed less than 10 years for global decarbonising actions to be implemented to achieve our Paris goal of limiting temperature increase to 1.5 ° C .
Malaysia has the opportunity to be exemplary in this part of the world to chart a successful pathway towards a low carbon energy system and , to that effect , be a champion in balancing the energy trilemma . — @ Green

High-income nations emit more greenhouse gases

ADOPTING renewable energy , switching from internal combustion engine ( ICE ) vehicles , promoting active mobility and circular economy , and putting a stop to land conversion were some measures that needed to be prioritised to reduce greenhouse gas ( GHG ) emissions .
In a Facebook post , Datuk Seri Ir Dr Zaini Ujang ,
Datuk Seri Ir Dr Zaini Ujang
the Secretary-General at the Ministry of Energy , Green Technology and Water Malaysia , shared high-income countries produced more greenhouse gasses or carbon dioxide than low-income countries .
“ GHG emissions ( tonnes per capita per year ) is proportional to the gross domestic product ( GDP ),” he wrote .
“ The most significant GHG emissions in the energy sector is up to 80 per cent ( electric supply , vehicles and other energy produced from fossil fuels mainly oil , gas and coal ), and another 20 per cent is from the industrial sector , waste and agricultural practices , conversion of land , etc .”
The higher the society ’ s income ( not limited to developed nations ), the higher the demand for services , products and ‘ necessities ’. These demands consume energy and other resources that produce GHG such as carbon dioxide , methane ,
and nitrous dioxide .
GHG emissions caused the earth ’ s temperature to rise by 1.1 degrees Celsius compared to before the Industrial Revolution began . This issue led to the formation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ( UNFCCC ) in 1992 , resulting in Kyoto Protocol 1997 , followed by Paris Agreement 2015 .
Referring to the data from the World Bank , Zaini said the trend for GHG emission could be divided into the economic status and the peace of the