Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin (ISSN 0178 – 6288) . Number 85, January 2009, pp. 1-20.

1 The Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus, Hermann 1779) in Palestinian, Mediterranean and Atlantic Waters By: Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa Taxonomy Scientific name: Monachus monachus Hermann, 1779. Common names: Engl.: Mediterranean Monk Seal; Arab.: Fuqma, Faqma; Russ.: Tyulen'; Turk.: Akdeniz foku; Ger.: Mittelmeer-Mönchsrobbe. Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Pinnipedia Family: Phocidae Subfamily: Monachinae Genus: Monachus Species: Monachus monachus Natural History The Mediterranean monk seal averages 2.4 m in length (nose to tail) and is believed to weigh 250-300 kg. Females are only slightly smaller than males. Gazelle – Number 85 – January 2009