NAVIGATING ITALY ’ S ROAD TO DECARBONISATION
Agnese Cecchini examines the steps Italy has taken to deliver its energy transition – and highlights those areas where there is work to be done
Taboos in the tech sector can be counterproductive to a successful ecological transition .
The Italian government Italy has changed the name of its Ministry of the Environment to the Ministry of Ecological Transition .
And it has added the word ‘ Sustainability ’ to the title of the Ministry of Transport and Mobility .
This has been done precisely to emphasize the strategic nature of the green challenge and the crucial importance of these institutions in driving solutions to that challenge .
These choices are also not unrelated to the country ’ s economy . According to recent data , despite the pandemic and the resulting recession , the renewable energy sector in Italy has remained dynamic and reactive .
Compared to 2019 , there was a 20 per cent growth in the number of operations related to acquisition and 7 per cent in power . At the same time , their value decreased by 4.4 per cent due to a drop in technology costs .
Half of the operations concerned photovoltaics , with windpower coming second despite a sharp decline in comparison to 2019 .
The forecast of investments in the hydrogen supply chain between now and 2030 is around € 320- € 460 billion . Of that amount , € 24-42 billion are earmarked for the development of electrolysers .
However , in spite of these prospects and figures , ecologists , even the representatives in Parliament , remain uncertain .
Italy recently approved its National Recovery and Resilience Plan , which outlines its intentions and actions in macro areas .
What stands out in the energy sector is a growth in renewables alongside green hydrogen – although it would be good to start with blue hydrogen too , as the country ’ s Minister of Ecological Transition , Roberto Cingolani , points out .
Mobility will also have to be conceived and designed to be increasingly sustainable and interoperable .
But there are some unclear points in the Italian National Plan . For example , why promote longdistance rail mobility instead of working on city mobility plans and connecting the suburbs with the centre , where air pollution is higher ?
Why invest hugely in a technology that is not available yet , as Minister Cingolani stated when referring to green hydrogen .
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