CJA 305 Final Exam Guide CJA 305 Final Exam Guide - Page 2

3) ________ is the legal principal that requires that courts be bound by their own earlier decisions and by those of higher courts having jurisdiction over them regarding subsequent cases on similar issues and fact. A) Jurisdiction B) Stare decisis C) Jurisprudence D) Due process of law 4) The Model Penal Code outlines four ________: purposely, knowingly, reckless, and negligent. A) elements of crime B) canons of construction C) states of mind D) conducts 5) ________ is not an essential element of a crime. A) Concurrence