Briefing Papers Number 2, May 2008 - Page 7

A variety of examples shows that development assistance can help address some of the most difficult challenges developing countries face in achieving the MDGs. • Through investments in irrigation systems and transportation infrastructure, the U.S. government is helping Mali to diversify and strengthen its economy, a key step in ensuring that recent gains in the fight against poverty are sustainable.41 • The World Bank is investing in Mongolia to build on recent improvements in human development. The Bank’s technical and financial assistance is aimed at improving the efficiency and transparency of the country’s government, especially its financial accounting systems.42 • Since 2005, the British government has provided more than $170 million to aid Sierra Leone in its move from conflict to peace and achieve social and political stability through democratic and accountable government.43 In each of these cases, development assistance is flexible enough to meet real conditions in developing countries. Unfortunately, too often such examples are exceptions to the rule. U.S. development assistance is a powerful tool to help achieve sustainable development, but currently, it is not designed to meet the challenges identified in this paper. The current structure makes it difficult for U.S. assistance to respond in flexible and creative ways. There is much that can be done to update and improve U.S. assistance policies. The good news is developing countries are increasingly taking charge of their own development agendas. It is the responsibility of developed countries to stand as partners for development. Working together, developed and developing countries are proving that the MDGs are an ambitious but achievable agenda for human development. World Bank (2007). Table 4.1.: Growth of Output. 14 UNICEF (2007). Progress for Children: A World Fit for Children. 15 U.N. Development Program (1990). Human Development Report. 16 U.N. Development Program (2007). Human Development Report 2007/2008: Fighting Climate Change: Human Solidarity in a Divided World. 17 World 18 Bank (2007). Author’s Calculation. 19 Coorey, S. et al. (2007). Lessons from High Inflation Episodes for Stabilizing the Economy in Zimbabwe. 20 U.N. Statistics Division. 21 Collier, P. (2008). The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can be Done About It. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 22 Ibid. 23 Ibid. 24 U.N. Development Program (2007). Table 2: Human Development Index Trends. 25 Coghlan, B. (2008). Mortality in the Democratic Republic of Congo: An Ongoing Crisis. 26 Food and Agriculture Organization (2006). Prevalence of Undernourishment in Total Population. 27 U.N. Development Program (2008). Table 1: Human Development Index. 28 Human Rights Watch (2005). Seeking Justice: The Prosecution of Sexual Violence in the Congo War. 29 Collier (2007). Op. cit. 30 U.N. Development Program (2008). Table 1: Human Development Index. 31 Government of the Republic of Sierra Leone (2005). Millennium Development Goals Report from Sierra Leone. 32 Government of Sierra Leone (2005). Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: A National Program for Food Security, Job Creation, and Good Governance. 33 International Monetary Fund (2008). Global Monitoring Report 2008: MDGs and the Environment: Agenda for Inclusive and Sustainable Development. 34 Central Intelligence Agency. World Factbook: Timor-Leste. https://www. cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tt.html. 35 Conservation International. Biodiversity Hotspots: Wallacea. http://www. Endnotes biodiversityhotspots.org/xp/hotspots/wallacea/Pages/default.aspx. 1 U.N. Department of Public Information (2007). Africa and the Millennium Development Goals: 2007 Update. 2 13 U.N. Statistics Division. MDG Dataset. 3 World Bank (2007). World Development Indicators. Table 2.6: Poverty; Food and Agricultural Organization (2006). The State of Food Insecurity in the World. 4 UNICEF (2007). Progress for Children: A World Fit for Children; World Health Organization (2007). Maternal Mortality in 2005. 36 Government of Timor-Leste (2005). Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper— National Development Plan, Road Map for Implementation of National Development Plan, Overview of Sector Investment Programs—Strategies and Priorities for the Medium Term. 37 U.N. Development Program (2006). Human Development Report. 38 Ibid. 39 World Resources Institute (2005). World Resources 2005: The Wealth of the Poor: Managing Ecosystems to Fight Poverty. U.N. Millennium Task Force (2005). Health, Dignity and Development: What Will it Take? 40 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007). Climate Change 2007: 6 41 5 U.N. Statistics Division. 7 U.N. Millennium Task Force (2005). Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the MDGs. Synthesis Report: Summary for Policymakers. Millennium Challenge Corporation. Mali Project Compact Overview. http://www.mcc.gov/countries/mali/projects.php. 42 10 Government of Mali (2000). Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. World Bank (2006). Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Grant in the Amount of SDR 9.737 million to Mongolia for Government Assistance Project. http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/ WDSCo ntentServer/WDSP/IB/2006/05/04/000160016_20060504110439/ Rendered/PDF/35212.pdf. 11 Government of Mali (2002). Final Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. 43 Department 8 U.N. Statistics Division. 9 Author’s Calculation based on U.N. Statistics Division. MDG Dataset. 12 Government for International Development (2008). Sierra Leone Factsheet. of Botswana (2004). Botswana: Millennium Development Goals Status Report. www.bread.org Bread for the World Institute  7