Arlington, TX: A Community Policing Story Arlington, TX - A Community Policing Story - Page 16

researchers suggest that community members base their opinions—i.e., their assessments— about a specific interaction not only on the outcome of that encounter but also on the process of the encounter itself; in fact, the perceived fairness of the process, in many cases, is found to outweigh the outcome of the process. 30 For example, one study found that recipients of a traffic citation from an officer who had treated them fairly not only viewed the police The most important thing that a more favorably but also were more willing to cooperate with the police than they had police chief can do in a moment of been before their traffic citation. 31 “ If procedural justice is closely linked with public compliance, then procedural injustice is also closely linked to public incompliance. needs the best that you can.” Studies have demonstrated that exposure to procedural injustice among juveniles, — Chief Will Johnson particularly among at-risk youth of color, is Arlington Police Department positively associated with participation in risky lifestyles, which is “a well-established predictor of victimization.” 32 Therefore, “making both the style and substance of police practices more ‘legitimate’ in the eyes of the public . . . may be one of the most effective long-term police strategies for crime prevention.” 33 crisis is try to address the information Likewise, procedural justice also influences officer behavior and actions. Research demon- strates, somewhat intuitively, that officers exposed to internal procedural justice—i.e., fair and transparent relationships between officers, their colleagues, and their leaders—are more likely to comply with departmental policies, protocols, and decision-making. Moreover, these officers are also more likely to incorporate external procedural justice in to their interactions with the public, thereby improving the community’s perception of the agency’s legitimacy. 34 30. Tyler and Huo, Trust in the Law (see note 12). 31. Tyler and Fagan, “Legitimacy and Cooperation” (see note 20). 32. Scott E. Wolfe and Kyle Mclean, “Procedural Injustice, Risky Lifestyles, and Violent Victimization,” Crime and Delinquency 63, no. 11 (2017): 1383–1409, 33. Lawrence W. Sherman and John E. Eck, “Policing for Crime Prevention,” in Evidence-Based Crime Prevention (New York: Routledge, 2002), 295–329. 34. Kunard and Moe, Procedural Justice for Law Enforcement (see note 29); President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing, Final Report (see note 17). 8 Arlington, TX: A Community Policing Story