Anticoagulant Reversal Handbook - Page 8

Overview
6
Trevor ’ s Pharmacology and Examination Board Review , 13th edn . 2015 ; McGraw-Hill Education : New York , NY .
3 . Hirsh J et al . American Heart Association / American College of Cardiology Foundation guide to warfarin therapy . J Am Coll Cardiol 2003 ; 41 ( 9 ): 1633 – 52 .
4 . Kuruvilla M , Gurk-Turner C . A review of warfarin dosing and monitoring . Proc Bayl Univ Med Cent 2001 ; 14 ( 3 ): 305 – 6 .
5 . Holbrook AM et al . Systematic overview of warfarin and its drug and food interactions . Arch Intern Med 2005 ; 165 ( 10 ): 1095 – 106 .
6 . Snipelisky D , Kusumoto F . Current strategies to minimize the bleeding risk of warfarin . J Blood Med 2013 ; 4:89 – 99 .
7 . Chai-Adisaksopha C et al . The impact of bleeding complications in patients receiving target-specific oral anticoagulants : a systematic review and meta-analysis . Blood 2014 ; 124 ( 15 ): 2450 – 8 .
8 . Zacharski LR et al . Bleeding complications from warfarin anticoagulation in patients with malignancy . J Med 1985 ; 16 ( 5-6 ): 535 – 61 .
9 . Shoeb M , Fang MC . Assessing bleeding risk in patients taking anticoagulants . J Thromb Thrombolysis 2013 ; 35 ( 3 ): 312 – 19 .
10 . Goodnough LT , Shander A . How I treat warfarin-associated coagulopathy in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage . Blood 2011 ; 117 ( 23 ): 6091 – 9 .
11 . Zareh M , Davis A , Henderson S . Reversal of warfarin-induced hemorrhage in the emergency
department . West J Emerg Med 2011 ; 12 ( 4 ): 386 – 92 .
12 . Garcia DA , Crowther MA . Reversal of warfarin : case-based practice recommendations . Circulation 2012 ; 125 ( 23 ): 2944 – 7 .
13 . Radaelli F et al . Management of anticoagulation in patients with acute gastrointestinal bleeding . Dig Liver Dis 2015 ; 47 ( 8 ): 621 – 7 .
14 . Frontera JA et al . Guideline for reversal of antithrombotics in intracranial hemorrhage : A statement for healthcare professionals from the Neurocritical Care Society and Society of Critical Care Medicine . Neurocrit Care 2016 ; 24 ( 1 ): 6 – 46 . 15 . Tran HA et al . An update of consensus guidelines for warfarin reversal . Med J Aust 2013 ; 198 ( 4 ): 198 – 9 .
16 . Holland LL , Brooks JP . Toward rational fresh frozen plasma transfusion : The effect of plasma transfusion on coagulation test results . Am J Clin Pathol 2006 ; 126 ( 1 ): 133 – 9 .
17 . DeLoughery TG . Hemostasis and thrombosis . 2nd ed . Vademecum , Georgetown , Tex : Landes Bioscience 2004 ; 217 .
18 . Refaai MA et al . Increased risk of volume overload with plasma compared with four-factor prothrombin complex concentrate for urgent vitamin K antagonist reversal . Transfusion 2015 ; 55 ( 11 ): 2722 – 9 .
19 . Lee SB et al . Progression of warfarin-associated intracerebral hemorrhage after INR normalization with FFP . Neurology 2006 ; 67 ( 7 ): 1272 – 4 . 20 . Goldstein JN et al . Four-factor prothrombin complex concentrate versus plasma for rapid
vitamin K antagonist reversal in patients needing urgent surgical or invasive interventions : a phase 3b , open-label , non-inferiority , randomised trial . Lancet 2015 ; 385 ( 9982 ): 2077 – 87 .
21 . Kcentra . Prescribing information . http :// labeling . cslbehring . com / PI / US / Kcentra / EN / Kcentra- Prescribing-Information . pdf ( accessed May 2016 ).
22 . Makris M , Van Veen JJ . Three or four factor prothrombin complex concentrate for emergency anticoagulation reversal ? Blood Transfus 2011 ; 9 ( 2 ): 117 – 19 .
23 . Sarode R et al . Efficacy and safety of a 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate in patients on vitamin K antagonists presenting with major bleeding : a randomized , plasma-controlled , phase IIIb study . Circulation 2013 ; 128 ( 11 ): 1234 – 43 .
24 . Koutrouvelis A et al . Case scenario : emergency reversal of oral anticoagulation . Anesthesiology 2010 ; 113 ( 5 ): 1192 – 7 .
25 . Hickey M et al . Outcomes of urgent warfarin reversal with frozen plasma versus prothrombin complex concentrate in the emergency department . Circulation 2013 ; 28 ( 4 ): 360 – 4 .
26 . Kamali F , Wynne H . Pharmacogenetics of warfarin . Annu Rev Med 2010 ; 61:63 – 75 .
27 . Douketis J . D . Perioperative management of patients who are receiving warfarin therapy : an evidence-based and practical approach . Blood 2011 ; 117 ( 19 ): 5044 – 9 .
28 . Horton JD , Bushwick BM . Warfarin therapy : evolving strategies in anticoagulation . Am Fam Physician 1999 ; 59 ( 3 ): 635 – 46 .
www . hospitalpharmacyeurope . com