журнал ARTCARPET ArtCarpet #6 2021 ENG - Page 24

ANTIQUE CARPETS field is occupied by images of vases with flowers in the form of heart-shaped garlands , complemented by images of flower pots and bird pairs , individual images of leaves , flower buds and birds . The images are polychrome , made in white , yellow , pink , beige , red , blue , and green woolen threads . A wide yellow border contrasts with the central colour field . The basis of the carpet is made of hemp threads . The technique is “ kilim with a hook ”.
The tradition of items made on landowners ’ households under the influence of Western European designs is shown by the carpet of the late XVIII century ( RME , col . 3408-1 ). A large flowerpot with flowers , standing on a high pedestal , is woven in a brown background . Tall blue columns intertwined with ribbons and wreaths of yellow-green leaves as a border . Kilims ( as well as small rugs called kilimok ) traditionally decorated the walls of Ukrainian houses , they covered the table , nalavnik ( more than 4 m long ) were placed on benches . In Western Ukraine , they weaved lizhnik , carpets to cover the bed , fluffy massive blankets . They were woven from thick , twisted woolen threads with a simple plain weave . They were plain , striped or with a geometric pattern . After embossing , the lizhniks were additionally treated with water on the cloth , which gave the cloth density and made the blanket warmer . They were usually woven purely with wool . Later , the basis of lizhniks was made of cotton threads , as , for example , in carpets made in the 1980s from Ivano-Frankivsk region ( RME , col . 10871-5.6 ).
Pattern motifs of the Moldavian smooth carpets in the collection of the museum are various . In most cases , these are images of the real objective world . Among them , a significant place belongs to plant motifs with the generalized interpretation . Images of trees , bushes , flowerpots , bouquets , branches , flowers , garlands are extremely common . Large carpets as razboy ( after the name of the vertical machine on which they were made ) were hung on the walls or on the floor . Long and narrow leicher carpets were used to cover benches . Leicher of the second half of the XIX century from the Moldavian collection RME ( length 360.0 cm , width 90.0 cm ) made of hemp threads of ivory colour ( warp ) and multi-coloured wool ( weft ). It is woven using the “ gaped kilim ” technique . The rectangular central field of the dark brown carpet is decorated with a variety of flower buds of bright pink-red , deep yellow , restrained tobacco , pale lilac , grey and white , running in rows , framed by zigzag and straight stripes ( RME , col . 10887-2 ). The popular motif “ tree of life ” is depicted on a mid-XIX century ungerar carpet woven using the “ gaped kilim ” and “ hooked kilim ” techniques . The motif in the centre